Determining Which Table Types the Server Supports

9.18.1 Problem

You want to know whether you can create a table using a given table type.

9.18.2 Solution

Ask the server which table types it supports.

9.18.3 Discussion

SHOW VARIABLES can tell you whether or not certain table types are available. For example, you can test the have_bdb, have_innodb, and have_gemini variables to see if the server supports transaction-safe tables. The following PHP code demonstrates how to check for a value of YES for the have_bdb variable, using a two-stage approach. First, make sure that the variable exists by testing for a nonempty result set. (The variable will not be present at all if your version of MySQL predates the inclusion of support for the table type.) Then, fetch the variable's value to see if it's YES:

$avail = FALSE;
# escape the variable name properly
$var_name = ereg_replace ("([%_])", "\\1", "have_bdb");
if ($result_id = mysql_query ("SHOW VARIABLES LIKE '$var_name'", $conn_id))
{
 if ($row = mysql_fetch_row ($result_id))
 $avail = ($row[1] == "YES" ? TRUE : FALSE);
 mysql_free_result ($result_id);
}

After this code executes, $avail will be TRUE or FALSE to indicate whether the server supports BDB tables. To check for a different table type, modify the code to test the appropriate server variable name.

A more general approach is to write a function that checks for all known handlers and returns a list of the ones that are supported. You cannot ask the server for a list of types directly, but if you know what the possible types are, you can determine which of them are supported using the following rules:

  • Prior to MySQL 3.23, only the ISAM type is available.
  • As of MySQL 3.23, MyISAM is always available. Other table handlers may also be available. For the ISAM, BDB, and Gemini types, check the have_isam, have_bdb, and have_gemini server variables (look for a value of YES). InnoDB table availability is indicated by have_innodb. However, that variable was at one time called have_innobase; for completeness, check them both.

These rules are implemented by the Perl function get_table_handlers( ) shown below. It returns a list containing the words drawn from the list bdb, gemini, innodb, isam, and myisam, corresponding to those table types that are found to be supported:

sub get_table_handlers
{
my $dbh = shift;
my @types;
my %typemap =
(
 "have_bdb" => "bdb",
 "have_gemini" => "gemini",
 "have_innodb" => "innodb",
 "have_innobase" => "innodb", # obsolete form of have_innodb
 "have_isam" => "isam"
);

 # get server version number
 my $ver_num = (get_server_version ($dbh))[1]; # numeric form

 if ($ver_num < 32300) # only ISAM available prior to 3.23.xx
 {
 @types = ("isam");
 }
 else
 {
 @types = ("myisam"); # MyISAM always available as of 3.23.xx

 # Issue SHOW VARIABLES query to get the 'have_' server variables
 # that indicate presence of table handlers. (There are some 'have_'
 # variables that don't pertain to table types, but it's still more
 # efficient to issue a single query than a query for each variable.)

 my $sth = $dbh->prepare ("SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'have\_%'");
 $sth->execute ( );
 while (my ($var, $val) = $sth->fetchrow_array ( ))
 {
 push (@types, $typemap{$var})
 if exists ($typemap{$var}) && $val eq "YES";
 }
 }
 return (sort (@types));
}

Using the mysql Client Program

Writing MySQL-Based Programs

Record Selection Techniques

Working with Strings

Working with Dates and Times

Sorting Query Results

Generating Summaries

Modifying Tables with ALTER TABLE

Obtaining and Using Metadata

Importing and Exporting Data

Generating and Using Sequences

Using Multiple Tables

Statistical Techniques

Handling Duplicates

Performing Transactions

Introduction to MySQL on the Web

Incorporating Query Resultsinto Web Pages

Processing Web Input with MySQL

Using MySQL-Based Web Session Management

Appendix A. Obtaining MySQL Software

Appendix B. JSP and Tomcat Primer

Appendix C. References



MySQL Cookbook
MySQL Cookbook
ISBN: 059652708X
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2005
Pages: 412
Authors: Paul DuBois

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