name resolution
The process of having software translate between names that are easy for users to work with and numerical IP addresses, which are difficult for users but necessary for TCP/IP communications. Name resolution can be provided by software components such as DNS or WINS. See also Domain Name System (DNS); Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP); Windows Internet Name Service (WINS).
A naming convention that defines a set of unique names for resources in a network. For DNS, a hierarchical naming structure that identifies each network resource and its place in the hierarchy of the namespace. For WINS, a flat naming structure that identifies each network resource using a single, unique name. See also Domain Name System (DNS); Windows Internet Name Service (WINS).
NetBIOS Node Type
A designation of the exact mechanisms by which network basic input/output system (NetBIOS) names are resolved to IP addresses. See also Internet Protocol (IP); IP address; network basic input/output system (NetBIOS).
NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT)
A feature that provides the NetBIOS programming interface over the TCP/IP protocol. It is used for monitoring routed servers that use NetBIOS name resolution.
A command-line and scripting tool for networking components for local or remote computers running Windows 2000, Windows XP Professional, or Windows Server 2003.
A group of computers and other devices, such as printers and scanners , connected by a communications link, enabling all the devices to interact with each other. Networks can be small or large, permanently connected through wires or cables, or temporarily connected through phone lines or wireless transmissions. The largest network is the Internet, which is a worldwide group of networks. See also network adapter.
network access server (NAS)
The device that accepts Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) connections and places clients on the network that the NAS serves. See also Point- to-Point Protocol (PPP).
network adapter
A device that connects your computer to a network. Sometimes called an adapter card or network interface card .
network address translator (NAT)
An IP router defined in RFC 1631 that can translate IP addresses and Transmission Control Protocol/ User Datagram Protocol (TCP/UDP) port numbers as packets are forwarded. See also Internet Protocol (IP); IP address; Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP).
network basic input/output system (NetBIOS)
An application programming interface (API) that can be used by programs on a local area network (LAN). NetBIOS provides programs with a uniform set of commands for requesting the lower-level services required to manage names, conduct sessions, and send datagrams between nodes on a network. See also application programming interface (API); basic input/output system (BIOS); local area network (LAN); service.
Network Load Balancing
A component of Windows 2000 Server that provides high availability and scalability of servers by using a cluster of two or more host computers working together. Clients access the cluster using a single IP address. See also cluster.
Network Monitor
A packet capture and analysis tool used to view network traffic. See also packet.
Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP)
A protocol that is used to distribute network news messages to NNTP servers and to NNTP clients (news readers) on the Internet. NNTP provides for the distribution, inquiry, retrieval, and posting of news articles by using a reliable, stream-based transmission of news on the Internet. NNTP is designed in such a way that news articles are stored on a server in a central database, so that users can select specific items to read. Indexing, cross-referencing, and expiration of old messages are also provided. NNTP is defined in RFC 977.
network service
Services such as file and printer sharing on your computer or automatic backup to a network server.
NTFS file system
An advanced file system that provides performance, security, reliability, and advanced features that are not found in any version of file allocation table (FAT). For example, NTFS guarantees volume consistency by using standard transaction logging and recovery techniques. If a system fails, NTFS uses its log file and checkpoint information to restore the consistency of the file system. NTFS also provides advanced features, such as file and folder permissions, encryption, disk quotas, and compression. See also FAT32; file allocation table (FAT).

The Microsoft Windows Server Team Migrating from Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 to Windows Server 2003
Migrating from Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 to Windows Server 2003
ISBN: 0735619409
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 96

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