Writing to Files

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Writing to a file is the process of adding values to that file. When opening the file in Input, Output, or Append mode, use the Print # or Write # statement. For Random and Binary mode, use the Put statement to write to the file.

The Write # statement takes the form

 

 Write #filenumber[, outputlist] 

where outputlist is one or more comma-delimited variables or literal values you want to add to the file. Separate these values with a comma, space, or semicolon. If you omit outputlist and include a comma character after filenumber, the statement adds a blank line to the file.

There are a number of behaviors that might cause you trouble if you don't know about them:

  • All numeric data is written with the period decimal separator.

  • Boolean values are written as #TRUE# or #FALSE#.

  • Dates are written using the universal date format.

  • If outputlist is empty, nothing is written to the file.

  • If outputlist is Null, the value #NULL# is written.

  • Error values are written as #ERROR errorcode#.

The following procedure enables you to add a new line before retrieving the file's entire contents:

 

 Sub InputAndWrite(fil As String, _  id As Long, fn As String, ln As String)   'Write to fil and then print data   'in Immediate window.   Dim hFile As Long   Dim strID As String   Dim strFN As String   Dim strLN As String   hFile = FreeFile   Open fil For Append Access Write As hFile   Write #hFile, id, fn, ln   Close hFile   hFile = FreeFile   Open fil For Input Access Read Shared As hFile   Do Until EOF(hFile)     Input #hFile, strID, strFN, strLN     Debug.Print strID & vbTab & strFN & " " & strLN   Loop   Close hFile End Sub 

Run the following statement in the Immediate window to add employee 15, Susan Harkins, to the employees.txt file:

 

 InputAndWrite "path\employees.txt", 15, "Susan", "Harkins" 

The results in Figure 20.4 show the newly added line for employee 15. The Write # statement uses the passed arguments id, fn, and ln which supply the new data. Notice that the Open statement is a little different for writing. Specifically, this example uses the Append mode and the Write access setting. To create a new file (that will overwrite an existing file) with the passed data values, use Output mode instead of Append.

Figure 20.4. Use I/O to add new data.

graphics/20fig04.gif


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    Automating Microsoft Access with VBA
    Automating Microsoft Access with VBA
    ISBN: 0789732440
    EAN: 2147483647
    Year: 2003
    Pages: 186

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