IP Centrex

Centrex service is regarded as an "outsourcing" of telephony call services. Centrex does not maintain a PBX on customer premises. Instead, Centrex service removes the PBX function from the customer premises, provides a Centrex trunk to the customer, and provides the telephony services over the trunk. Typically, the Centrex trunk is arranged as a TDM channel associated signaling (CAS) circuit or as an ISDN Q.931 connection. Customer billing for this service is similar to the billing for outsourcing services.

IP Centrex performs the same job as a PBX but delivers the service over an IP network instead of a circuit-switched network. Service is accessed via an IP network and delivered to customers in a private or multitenant installation. The call control functions that Centrex delivers include:

  • Dial tone

  • Interpretation of dialed digits

  • Determination of called party status

  • Call status return to caller, such as busy and ringback

  • Call to voice mail reroute, if applicable

  • Billing services

Cisco delivers IP Centrex through the use of a call agent, such as the Cisco BTS 10200 Softswitch. Figure B-5 illustrates the use of a call agent for the Centrex services that are delivered to telephones with the trunking gateway serving as a path to the PSTN. Notice that Media Gateway Control Protocol (MGCP) acts as the gateway control protocol because the call routing intelligence resides in the call agent, which is maintained by the service provider.

Figure B-5. IP Centrex

Cisco Voice over IP Cvoice (c) Authorized Self-study Guide
Cisco Voice over IP (CVoice) (Authorized Self-Study Guide) (2nd Edition)
ISBN: 1587052628
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 111
Authors: Kevin Wallace

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