L2 VPN-Any to Any Interworking

You have seen that Layer 2 VPN is possible with like-to-like ACs such as HDLC-to-HDLC. In the forthcoming subsections, you will be introduced to L2 VPN implementation between different types of attachment circuits like Ethernet-to-PPP and so on. This function of translating different Layer 2 encapsulations is also called L2 VPN Interworking. L2 VPN Interworking, therefore, provides service providers with the ability to interconnect sites using different transport mediums on a common infrastructure. The common infrastructure is the MPLS backbone, which facilitates the interworking functionality of translating between various Layer 2 technologies. The L2 VPN Interworking feature supports Ethernet, 802.1Q (VLAN), Frame Relay, ATM AAL5, and PPP attachment circuits over MPLS.

The L2 VPN Interworking function is implemented in two modes.

Bridged Interworking Mode

In bridged interworking mode, Ethernet frames are extracted from the AC and sent over the pseudo wire. AC frames that are not Ethernet are dropped. In the case of a VLAN, the VLAN tag is removed, leaving an untagged Ethernet frame. This interworking functionality is implemented by configuring the interworking ethernet command under the pseudo-wire class configuration mode.

Figure 11-48 shows a Layer 2 VPN network using bridged interworking mode between Ethernet and 802.1Q VLAN.

Figure 11-48. Bridged Interworking Mode

The steps are outlined as follows:

Step 1.

The CE2-A generates an 802.1Q encapsulated frame. This 802.1Q frame is forwarded to PE2.
 

Step 2.

PE2 removes the VLAN tag and performs bridging of the native Ethernet frames into the emulated VC (pseudo wire) established between PE routers. The Ethernet frame is encapsulated using a standard AToM encapsulation, which means the label header of two labels is attached.

The outer label, or tunnel label (L1), is the label that switches the frame across the MPLS backbone toward the PE1 router, and this label is to be assigned either by standard LDP or RSVP-TE in case an MPLS TE tunnel has been established between the PE routers. The inner label, or the VC label (VC1), is the label that distinguishes between multiple emulated VCs (pseudo wires) between the PE routers.
 

Step 3.

The P1 router, upon receiving this frame, removes the top label (tunnel label) and forwards the packet to PE1.
 

Step 4.

The PE1 router, after receiving the Ethernet frame over an emulated VC, performs bridging and sends the frame to CE router CE1-A.
 

Routed Interworking Mode

In routed interworking, IP packets are extracted from the AC and sent over the pseudo wire. AC frames are dropped if they do not contain the IPv4 packets. This interworking functionality is implemented by configuring the interworking ip command under the pseudo-wire class configuration mode.

Figure 11-49 shows an L2 VPN network implementing routed interworking where the CE2-A router generates an IP packet, which is encapsulated using 802.1Q encapsulation.

Figure 11-49. Routed Interworking Mode

The steps are outlined as follows:

Step 1.

CE2-A router generates an IP packet, which is encapsulated using 802.1Q encapsulation.
 

Step 2.

PE2 receives the frame for further processing. In routed interworking, PE2 strips out the Layer 2 frame and bridges IP packets instead of bridging frames. Next, an AToM header (L1 and VC1) is attached to the decapsulated IP packet. Control Word 2 (CW2), an additional control word, is attached to carry information about the L2 protocol type. This control word is needed to resolve ARP requests, because the L2 circuit is terminated at the PE router.
 

Step 3.

P1 pops the top label and forwards the resulting packet to PE1.
 

Step 4.

The PE1 router, after receiving the Ethernet frame over an emulated VC, routes the IP packet to CE router CE1-A.
 

L2 VPN Interworking Limitations

L2 VPN Interworking has limitations to be considered when implementing interworking functionality between different Layer 2 technologies. The following are some of the limitations pertaining to the relevant Layer 2 technology.

L2 VPN Interworking Limitations for Ethernet/VLAN

Multipoint configurations are not supported. Care should be taken when configuring routing protocols for Ethernet to Frame Relay interworking. For example, in case of OSPF, one site operating in broadcast and the other site on nonbroadcast or point-to-point would result in OSPF adjacency not forming across the pseudo wire. It is, therefore, necessary to ensure that OSPF operates in a single mode on both ends. The PE router acts as a proxy ARP server and responds with its own MAC address to CE router's ARP requests. When you change the interworking configuration on the Ethernet PE router, ensure that the ARP entry on the adjacent CE router is cleared, so that it can learn the new MAC address. Otherwise, you might encounter traffic drops.

L2 VPN Interworking Limitations for Frame Relay

Inverse ARP is not supported with IP interworking. CE routers must use the point-to-point subinterfaces or static maps. The AC maximum transmission unit (MTU) sizes must match when you connect them over an MPLS. To avoid reduction of the interface MTUs to the lowest common denominator (1500 bytes in this case), you can specify the MTU for individual DLCIs using the mtu command. The PE router automatically supports the translation of both Cisco and IETF encapsulations coming from the CE, but translates only to IETF when sending to the CE router. This is not a problem for the Cisco CE router because it can handle the IETF encapsulation on receipt, even if it is configured to send Cisco encapsulation.

L2 VPN Interworking Limitations for AAL5

Only ATM AAL5 VC mode is supported. ATM VP and port mode are not supported. SVCs are not supported. Inverse ARP is not supported with IP interworking. CE routers must use point-to-point subinterfaces or static maps. Both AAL5MUX and AAL5SNAP encapsulations are supported.

Configuring Layer 2 VPN Interworking

Figure 11-50 shows the configuration flowchart to configure Layer 2 VPN Interworking for various Layer 2 access technologies.

Figure 11-50. Configuring L2 VPN Interworking

 

Ethernet to VLAN Interworking

Figure 11-51 shows an MPLS provider network providing L2 VPN Interworking for Customer A site devices CE1-A and CE2-A. PE1 and PE2 are the PE routers in the MPLS provider network. CE1-A is connected via Ethernet to PE1, and CE2-A is connected via 802.1Q VLAN to PE2.

Figure 11-51. Configuring L2 VPN Interworking – Ethernet to VLAN

 

Configuration Steps – Ethernet to VLAN Interworking

The steps to configure Ethernet to VLAN Interworking between CE1-A and CE2-A are as follows:

Step 1.

Define pseudo-wire class on PE routers – In this step, a pseudo-wire class called Eth-VLAN is defined on PE1 and VLAN-Eth on PE2. The configuration is shown in Example 11-37. This class configures the pseudo wire between the PE Routers PE1 and PE2. Ensure that the parameters of the pseudo-wire class are the same on both PEs to enable pseudo-wire establishment. Example 11-37 shows that AToM encapsulation (encapsulation mpls) and bridged interworking mode (interworking ethernet) will be used by the pseudo-wire class on the PE Routers PE1 and PE2.
 

Example 11-37. Define Pseudo-Wire Class on PE Routers

PE1(config)#pseudowire-class Eth-VLAN

PE1(config-pw-class)# encapsulation mpls

PE1(config-pw-class)# interworking ethernet

________________________________________________________________

PE2(config)#pseudowire-class VLAN-Eth

PE2(config-pw-class)# encapsulation mpls

PE2(config-pw-class)# interworking ethernet
 

Step 2.

Define AToM VC to transport Layer 2 frames – In this step, use the xconnect statement to define the AToM VC to carry the Layer 2 frames from CE1-A to CE2-A, and vice versa. Associate the pseudo-wire class defined in Step 1 with the AToM VC. See Example 11-38.
 

Example 11-38. Define AToM VC to Transport Layer 2 Frames

PE1(config)#interface Ethernet0/0

PE1(config-if)#xconnect 10.10.10.102 100 pw-class Eth-VLAN

________________________________________________________________

PE2(config)#interface Ethernet0/0.10

PE2(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1Q 10

PE2(config-subif)# xconnect 10.10.10.101 100 pw-class VLAN-Eth
 

Final Configuration for Ethernet to VLAN Interworking

Figure 11-52 shows the final relevant configuration for customer and PE routers.

Figure 11-52. Final Configuration – Ethernet to VLAN

 

Verification of Ethernet to VLAN Interworking over MPLS

Verify AToM VC is up. Example 11-39 shows the output of show mpls l2transport vc in which the L2 transport VC is operational. The local circuit on PE1 is shown to be Ethernet on PE1 and Ethernet VLAN on PE2.

Example 11-39. Verify AToM VC Is Up

PE1#show mpls l2transport vc



Local intf Local circuit Dest address VC ID Status

------------- -------------------- --------------- ---------- ----------

Et0/0 Ethernet 10.10.10.102 100 UP

_________________________________________________________________________

PE2#show mpls l2transport vc



Local intf Local circuit Dest address VC ID Status

------------- -------------------- --------------- ---------- ----------

Et0/0.10 Eth VLAN 10 10.10.10.101 100 UP

 

Control Plane and Data Forwarding Operation

Figure 11-53 shows the control and data forwarding operation for Ethernet to VLAN interworking. From a control plane perspective, PE1 allocates VC label 18 for the Ethernet circuit connected to CE1-A. PE1 propagates this VC label 18 to PE2. As part of the IGP label operation, P1 assigns an LDP label 16 for PE1 (10.10.10.101) and propagates this to PE2. PE2 uses IGP label 16 to guide the data packet originating from CE2-A to CE1-A across the MPLS backbone.

Figure 11-53. Control and Data Plane Forwarding: Ethernet to VLAN

 

Frame Relay to AAL5 Interworking

Figure 11-54 shows an MPLS provider network providing L2 VPN Interworking for Customer A site devices CE1-A and CE2-A. PE1 and PE2 are the PE routers in the MPLS provider network. CE1-A is connected via ATM to PE1, and CE2-A is connected via Frame Relay to PE2.

Figure 11-54. L2 VPN Network – Frame Relay to AAL5

 

Configuration Steps – Frame Relay to AAL5 Interworking

The steps to configure Frame Relay to AAL5 Interworking between CE1-A and CE2-A are as follows:

Step 1.

Define pseudo-wire class on PE routers – In this step, a pseudo-wire class called AAL5-FR is defined on PE1 and Fr-AAL5 on PE2. Example 11-40 shows that the AToM encapsulation (encapsulation mpls) and routed interworking model (interworking ip) is used by the pseudo-wire class on the PE routers PE1 and PE2.
 

Example 11-40. Define Pseudo-Wire Class on PE Routers

PE1(config)#pseudowire-class AAL5-FR

PE1(config-pw-class)# encapsulation mpls

PE1(config-pw-class)# interworking ip

________________________________________________________________

PE2(config)#pseudowire-class FR-AAL5

PE2(config-pw-class)# encapsulation mpls

PE2(config-pw-class)# interworking ip
 

Step 2.

Define AToM VC to transport Layer 2 frames – In Example 11-41, use the xconnect statement to define the AToM VC to carry the Layer 2 frames from CE1-A to CE2-A and vice versa. Associate the pseudo-wire class defined in Step 1 with the AToM VC.
 

Example 11-41. Define AToM VC to Transport Layer 2 Frames

PE1(config-subif)#interface ATM6/0.100 point-to-point

PE1(config-subif)# pvc 1/100 l2transport

PE1(cfg-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)#encapsulation aal5snap

PE1(cfg-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)#xconnect 10.10.10.102 100 pw-class AAL5-FR

_________________________________________________________________________

PE2(config)#frame-relay switching

PE2(config)#interface POS3/0

PE2(config-if)# no ip address

PE2(config-if)# encapsulation frame-relay

PE2(config-if)# clock source internal

PE2(config-if)# frame-relay intf-type dce

PE2(config-if)#connect FR POS3/0 100 l2transport

PE2(config-fr-pw-switching)#xconnect 10.10.10.101 100 pw-class FR-AAL5
 

Verification of Frame Relay to AAL5 Interworking over MPLS

To verify Frame Relay to AAL5 interworking over MPLS, follow these steps:

Step 1.

Verify if AToM VC is up – Example 11-42 shows the output of show mpls l2transport vc. The output indicates that the AToM VC is functional to transport L2 packets across the MPLS backbone.
 

Example 11-42. Verification of ATOM VC Status

PE1#show mpls l2transport vc



Local intf Local circuit Dest address VC ID Status

------------- ----------------------- --------------- ---------- ----------

AT6/0.100 ATM AAL5 1/100 10.10.10.102 100 UP

_____________________________________________________________________________

PE1#show mpls l2transport vc



Local intf Local circuit Dest address VC ID Status

------------- ----------------------- --------------- ---------- ----------

PO3/0 FR DLCI 100 10.10.10.101 100 UP
 

Step 2.

Verify tunnel and VC label – Example 11-43 shows the output of show mpls l2transport vc detail. The output indicates the directed LDP peer is 10.10.10.102 and that the AToM VC is functional to transport L2 packets across the MPLS backbone. The VC ID is 100 and tunnel label is 17. This tunnel label is derived from LDP. The VC label on PE1 for outgoing interface on PE2 connected to CE2-A is 17, and it allocates VC label 23 for the interface connected to CE1-A.
 

Example 11-43. Verification of Tunnel and VC Labels

PE1#show mpls l2transport vc detail

Local interface: AT6/0.100 up, line protocol up, ATM AAL5 1/100 up

 MPLS VC type is IP, interworking type is IP

 Destination address: 10.10.10.102, VC ID: 100, VC status: up

 Preferred path: not configured

 Default path: active

 Next hop: 10.10.10.2

 Output interface: Gi0/1, imposed label stack {17 17}

 Create time: 00:27:12, last status change time: 00:18:58

 Signaling protocol: LDP, peer 10.10.10.102:0 up

 MPLS VC labels: local 23, remote 17

 Group ID: local 6, remote 0

 MTU: local 4470, remote 4470

 Remote interface description:

 Sequencing: receive disabled, send disabled

 Sequence number: receive 0, send 0

 VC statistics:

 packet totals: receive 15, send 15

 byte totals: receive 1620, send 1620

 packet drops: receive 0, seq error 0, send 0

________________________________________________________________

PE2#show mpls l2transport vc detail

Local interface: PO3/0 up, line protocol up, FR DLCI 100 up

 MPLS VC type is IP, interworking type is IP

 Destination address: 10.10.10.101, VC ID: 100, VC status: up

 Preferred path: not configured

 Default path: active

 Next hop: 10.10.10.6

 Output interface: Gi0/1, imposed label stack {16 23}

 Create time: 00:18:39, last status change time: 00:18:35

 Signaling protocol: LDP, peer 10.10.10.101:0 up

 MPLS VC labels: local 17, remote 23

 Group ID: local 0, remote 6

 MTU: local 4470, remote 4470

 Remote interface description:

 Sequencing: receive disabled, send disabled

 Sequence number: receive 0, send 0

 VC statistics:

 packet totals: receive 15, send 15

 byte totals: receive 1620, send 1620

 packet drops: receive 0, seq error 0, send 0
 

Step 3.

Verify MPLS forwarding table on the PE and P routers – Example 11-44 shows the LFIB on the PE routers in which PE1 allocates VC label 23 and PE2 allocates VC label 17.
 

Example 11-44. Data Plane Forwarding Verification

PE1#show mpls forwarding-table

Local Outgoing Prefix Bytes tag Outgoing Next Hop

tag tag or VC or Tunnel Id switched interface

16 Pop tag 10.10.10.4/30 0 Gi0/1 10.10.10.2

17 17 10.10.10.102/32 0 Gi0/1 10.10.10.2

21 Pop tag 10.10.10.100/32 0 Gi0/1 10.10.10.2

23 Untagged l2ckt(100) 1620 none point2point

_______________________________________________________________________

P1#show mpls forwarding-table

Local Outgoing Prefix Bytes Label Outgoing Next Hop

Label Label or VC or Tunnel Id Switched interface

16 Pop Label 10.10.10.101/32 29489374 Gi0/1 10.10.10.1

17 Pop Label 10.10.10.102/32 5134192 Gi0/2 10.10.10.5

_______________________________________________________________________

PE2#show mpls forwarding-table

Local Outgoing Prefix Bytes tag Outgoing Next Hop

tag tag or VC or Tunnel Id switched interface

17 Untagged l2ckt(100) 1620 none point2point

18 Pop tag 10.10.10.0/30 0 Gi0/1 10.10.10.6

19 Pop tag 10.10.10.100/32 0 Gi0/1 10.10.10.6

20 16 10.10.10.101/32 0 Gi0/1 10.10.10.6
 

Frame Relay to PPP Interworking

Figure 11-55 shows an MPLS provider network using L2 VPN Interworking for Customer A sites with devices CE1-A and CE2-A. PE1 and PE2 are the PE routers in the MPLS provider network. CE1-A is connected using PPP encapsulation to PE1 and CE2-A is connected via Frame Relay to PE2.

Figure 11-55. Configuring L2 VPN Interworking – PPP to Frame Relay

 

Configuration Steps – Ethernet to VLAN Interworking

The steps to configure Ethernet to VLAN Interworking between CE1-A and CE2-A are as follows:

Step 1.

Define pseudo-wire class on PE routers – In this step, pseudo-wire classes called PPP-FR and FR-PPP are defined on PE1 and PE2, respectively. The configuration is shown in Example 11-45. Ensure that the parameters of the pseudo-wire class are the same on both PEs; otherwise, the pseudo wire will not be established.
 

Example 11-45. Define Pseudo-Wire Class on PE Routers

PE1(config)#pseudowire-class FR-PPP

PE1(config-pw-class)# encapsulation mpls

PE1(config-pw-class)# interworking ip

________________________________________________________________

PE2(config)#pseudowire-class PPP-FR

PE2(config-pw-class)# encapsulation mpls

PE2(config-pw-class)# interworking ip
 

Step 2.

Define AToM VC to transport Layer 2 frames – Use the xconnect statement to define the AToM VC to carry the Layer 2 frames from CE1-A to CE2-A and vice versa. Associate the pseudo-wire class defined in Step 1 with the AToM VC. See Example 11-46.
 

Example 11-46. Define ATOM VC to Transport Layer 2 Frames

PE1(config-if)#interface Serial1/0

PE1(config-if)#no ip address

PE1(config-if)#encapsulation frame-relay

PE1(config-if)#frame-relay intf-type dce

PE1(config-if)#exit

PE1(config)#connect FR Serial1/0 100 l2transport

PE1(config-fr-pw-switching)#xconnect 10.10.10.101 100 pw-class FR-PPP

_______________________________________________________________________

PE2(config-if)#interface Serial1/0

PE2(config-subif)#encapsulation ppp

PE2(config-subif)#xconnect 10.10.10.102 100 pw-class PPP-FR
 

Verification of Frame Relay to PPP Interworking

To verify Frame Relay to PPP interworking, follow these steps:

Step 1.

Ensure that AToM VC is up – Example 11-47 shows the output of show mpls l2transport vc. The output indicates that the AToM VC is functional to transport L2 packets across the MPLS backbone.
 

Example 11-47. Verification of Atom VC Status

PE1#show mpls l2transport vc



Local intf Local circuit Dest address VC ID Status

------------- -------------------- --------------- ---------- ----------

Se2/1 FR DLCI 100 10.10.10.102 100 UP

_________________________________________________________________________

PE2#show mpls l2transport vc



Local intf Local circuit Dest address VC ID Status

------------- -------------------- --------------- ---------- ----------

Se2/1 PPP 10.10.10.101 100 UP
 

Step 2.

Verify tunnel and VC label – Example 11-48 shows the output of show MPLS l2transport binding. The output indicates the directed LDP peer is 10.10.10.102 and that the AToM VC is functional to transport L2 packets across the MPLS backbone.
 

Example 11-48. Verification of Label Mappings

PE1#show mpls l2transport binding

 Destination Address: 10.10.10.102, VC ID: 100

 Local Label: 21

 Cbit: 1, VC Type: IP, GroupID: 0

 MTU: 1500, Interface Desc: connected to CE1-A

 VCCV Capabilities: None

 Remote Label: 16

 Cbit: 1, VC Type: IP, GroupID: 0

 MTU: 1500, Interface Desc: connected to CE2-A

 VCCV Capabilities: None
 

Step 3.

Example 11-49 shows the output of the show connection all command in which the Frame Relay switched connection is shown with Layer 2 VPN Interworking configured as well as the status of the segments.
 

Example 11-49. show connection all Output on PE Router

PE1#show connection all



ID Name Segment 1 Segment 2 State

============================================================================

1 FR Se2/1 100 10.10.10.102 100 UP

__________________________________________________________________________

PE1#show connection id 1



FR/Pseudo-Wire Connection: 1 - FR

 Status - UP

 Segment 1 - Serial2/1 DLCI 100

 Segment status: UP

 Line status: UP

 PVC status: ACTIVE

 NNI PVC status: ACTIVE

 Segment 2 - 10.10.10.102 100

 Segment status: UP

 Requested AC state: UP

 PVC status: ACTIVE

 NNI PVC status: ACTIVE

 Interworking - ip
 

Final Configurations for Devices to Implement Frame Relay to PPP Interworking

Figure 11-56 outlines the final configurations for the devices to implement L2 VPN Interworking between Frame Relay and PPP.

Figure 11-56. Final Device Configurations for L2 VPN Interworking: PPP to Frame Relay

 

Frame Relay to VLAN Interworking

Figure 11-57 shows an MPLS provider network using L2 VPN Interworking for Customer A sites with devices CE1-A and CE2-A as CE routers. PE1 and PE2 are the PE routers in the MPLS provider network. CE1-A is connected via 802.1Q VLAN to PE1, and CE2-A is connected via Frame Relay to PE2.

Figure 11-57. Frame Relay to VLAN Interworking Topology

 

Configuration Steps for Frame Relay to VLAN Interworking

The steps to configure Ethernet to VLAN interworking between CE1-A and CE2-A are as follows:

Step 1.

Define pseudo-wire class on PE routers – In this step, a pseudo-wire class called VLAN-FR is defined on PE1 and Fr-VLAN on PE2. The configuration is shown in Example 11-50.
 

Example 11-50. Step 1: Define Pseudo-Wire Class on PE Routers

PE1(config)#pseudowire-class FR-VLAN

PE1(config-pw-class)# encapsulation mpls

PE1(config-pw-class)# interworking ip

________________________________________________________________

PE2(config)#pseudowire-class VLAN-FR

PE2(config-pw-class)# encapsulation mpls

PE2(config-pw-class)# interworking ip
 

Step 2.

Define AToM VC to transport Layer 2 frames – In this example, you use the xconnect statement to define the AToM VC to carry the Layer 2 frames from CE1-A to CE2-A and vice versa. Associate the pseudo-wire class defined in Step 1 with the AToM VC. See Example 11-51.
 

Example 11-51. Step 2: Create AToM VC on PE Routers

PE1(config-pw-class)#interface Serial2/1

PE1(config-if)# no ip address

PE1(config-if)# encapsulation frame-relay

PE1(config-if)# frame-relay intf-type dce

PE1(config-if)#connect FR Serial2/1 100 l2transport

PE1(config-fr-pw-switching)#xconnect 10.10.10.101 100 pw-class FR-VLAN

_________________________________________________________________________

PE2(config-pw-class)#interface Ethernet0/0.10

PE2(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1Q 10

PE2(config-subif)#xconnect 10.10.10.102 100 pw-class VLAN-FR
 

Verification of Frame Relay to VLAN Interworking over MPLS

To verify Frame Relay to VLAN Interworking over MPLS, follow these steps:

Step 1.

Ensure that AToM VC is up – Example 11-52 shows the output of show MPLS l2transport vc. The output indicates that the AToM VC is functional to transport L2 packets across the MPLS backbone.
 

Example 11-52. Verification of AToM VC Status

PE1#show mpls l2transport vc



Local intf Local circuit Dest address VC ID Status

------------- -------------------- --------------- ---------- ----------

Se2/1 FR DLCI 100 10.10.10.102 100 UP

_________________________________________________________________________

PE2#show mpls l2transport vc



Local intf Local circuit Dest address VC ID Status

------------- -------------------- --------------- ---------- ----------

Fa5/0.100 Eth VLAN 100 10.10.10.101 100 UP
 

Step 2.

Verify tunnel and VC label – Example 11-53 shows the output of show mpls l2transport binding. The output indicates the directed LDP peer is 10.10.10.102 and that the AToM VC is functional to transport L2 packets across the MPLS backbone.
 

Example 11-53. Verify AToM Label Bindings

PE1#show mpls l2transport binding

 Destination Address: 10.10.10.102, VC ID: 100

 Local Label: 21

 Cbit: 1, VC Type: IP, GroupID: 0

 MTU: 1500, Interface Desc: connected to CE1-A

 VCCV Capabilities: None

 Remote Label: 20

 Cbit: 1, VC Type: IP, GroupID: 0

 MTU: 1500, Interface Desc: connected to CE2-A

 VCCV Capabilities: None
 

Step 3.

Example 11-54 shows the output of the show connection all command where the Frame Relay switched connection is depicted with Layer 2 VPN Interworking configured as well as the status of the segments.
 

Example 11-54. Verification of L2 VPN Interworking Connections on PE Router

PE1#show connection all



ID Name Segment 1 Segment 2 State

============================================================================

1 FR Se2/1 100 10.10.10.102 100 UP

_____________________________________________________________________________

PE1#show connection id 1



FR/Pseudo-Wire Connection: 1 - FR

 Status - UP

 Segment 1 - Serial2/1 DLCI 100

 Segment status: UP

 Line status: UP

 PVC status: ACTIVE

 NNI PVC status: ACTIVE

 Segment 2 - 10.10.10.102 100

 Segment status: UP

 Requested AC state: UP

 PVC status: ACTIVE

 NNI PVC status: ACTIVE

 Interworking - ip
 

Final Configuration for Frame Relay to VLAN Interworking

Figure 11-58 shows the final configurations for implementing Frame Relay to VLAN interworking.

Figure 11-58. Final Configurations for Frame Relay to VLAN Interworking

 

AAL5 to VLAN Interworking

Figure 11-59 shows an MPLS provider network that provides L2 VPN Interworking for Customer A sites with CE1-A and CE2-A as the CE devices. PE1 and PE2 are the PE routers in the MPLS provider network. CE1-A is connected via ATM to PE1, and CE2-A is connected via 802.1Q VLAN to PE2.

Figure 11-59. L2 VPN Interworking – ATM to VLAN Topology

 

Configuration Steps – VLAN to AAL5 Interworking

The steps to configure VLAN to AAL5 interworking between CE1-A and CE2-A are as follows:

Step 1.

Define pseudo-wire class on PE routers – In this step, a pseudo-wire class, called Eth-VLAN, is defined on PE1 and VLAN-Eth on PE2. The configuration is shown in Example 11-55.
 

Example 11-55. Step 1: Define Pseudo-Wire Class on PE Routers

PE1(config)#pseudowire-class AAL5-VLAN

PE1(config-pw-class)# encapsulation mpls

PE1(config-pw-class)# interworking ip

________________________________________________________________

PE2(config)#pseudowire-class VLAN-AAL5

PE2(config-pw-class)# encapsulation mpls

PE2(config-pw-class)# interworking ip
 

Step 2.

Define AToM VC to transport Layer 2 frames – Use the xconnect statement to define the AToM VC to carry the Layer 2 frames from CE1-A to CE2-A and vice versa. Associate the pseudo-wire class defined in Step 1 with the AToM VC. See Example 11-56.
 

Example 11-56. Step 2: Create AToM VC on PE Routers

PE1(config)#interface ATM3/0.100 point-to-point

PE1(config)#mtu 1500

PE1(config-subif)# pvc 1/100 l2transport

PE1(cfg-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)# encapsulation aal5snap

PE1(cfg-if-atm-l2trans-pvc)#xconnect 10.10.10.102 100 pw-class AAL5-VLAN

_________________________________________________________________________

PE2(config)#interface FastEthernet5/0.100

PE2(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1Q 100

PE2(config-subif)# xconnect 10.10.10.102 100 pw-class VLAN-AAL5
 

Verification of AAL5 to VLAN Interworking over MPLS

To verify AAL5 to VLAN Interworking over MPLS, follow these steps:

Step 1.

Ensure that AToM VC is up – Example 11-57 shows the output of show mpls l2transport vc. The output indicates that the AToM VC is functional to transport L2 packets across the MPLS backbone.
 

Example 11-57. Verification of AToM VC Status

PE1#show mpls l2transport vc



Local intf Local circuit Dest address VC ID Status

------------- -------------------- --------------- ---------- ----------

AT3/0.100 ATM AAL5 1/100 10.10.10.102 100 UP

_________________________________________________________________________

PE2#show mpls l2transport vc



Local intf Local circuit Dest address VC ID Status

------------- -------------------- --------------- ---------- ----------

Fa5/0.100 Eth VLAN 100 10.10.10.101 100 UP
 

Step 2.

Verify tunnel and VC label – Example 11-58 shows the output of show mpls l2transport binding. The output indicates the directed LDP peer is 10.10.10.102 and that the AToM VC is functional to transport L2 packets across the MPLS backbone.
 

Example 11-58. Verify Label Assignment

PE1#show mpls l2transport binding

 Destination Address: 10.10.10.102, VC ID: 100

 Local Label: 16

 Cbit: 1, VC Type: IP, GroupID: 0

 MTU: 1500, Interface Desc: connected to CE1-A

 VCCV Capabilities: None

 Remote Label: 20

 Cbit: 1, VC Type: IP, GroupID: 0

 MTU: 1500, Interface Desc: connected to CE2-A

 VCCV Capabilities: None
 

Final Device Configurations to Implement ATM to Ethernet VLAN Interworking

Figure 11-60 depicts the final configurations on the devices to implement ATM to Ethernet VLAN interworking.

Figure 11-60. Final Device Configurations for L2 VPN Interworking – ATM to VLAN






MPLS Configuration on Cisco IOS Software
MPLS Configuration on Cisco IOS Software
ISBN: 1587051990
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 130
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