Call forwarding (for busy, no-answer, and unconditional forwarding) raises many of the same issues as call transfer. Likewise, these issues can be addressed using an MTP to simplify the H.323 signaling operations.
As you read in Chapter 7, the preferred method of handling call forwarding for Cisco CME is H.450.3. Again, Cisco CME can disable its H.450.3 feature when it detects calls from a Cisco CallManager. Under these circumstances, the Cisco CME system falls back to using internal call forwarding or VoIP-to-VoIP call routing for intersite call forwarding.
Just like the call-transfer case, an MTP allows internal call forwarding to occur without impact to the H.323 call leg. Of the three types of forwardingbusy, no-answer, and unconditionalthe no-answer form generally involves more signaling complexity. When a call forward no-answer occurs, the preliminary call negotiation for the original called phone must be revoked (after the no-answer timeout). It is replaced with a new call to the forward-to destination phone. The forwarded call can potentially require the use of different parameters than those negotiated for the original called phone. The busy and unconditional forms of call forwarding usually don't involve a preliminary call actually reaching the forwarding phone; this tends to simplify the signaling. Figure 8-6 shows call forwarding between a Cisco CME system and a Cisco CallManager using MTP.
Figure 8-6. Cisco CallManager and Cisco CME Call Forwarding with MTP
You can see that Figure 8-4, which shows call transfer, and Figure 8-6, which shows call forwarding, are nearly identical. Figure 8-7 shows intersite Cisco CME call forwarding for a call from a Cisco CallManager. Compare it to Figure 8-5 for the equivalent call transfer case.
Figure 8-7. Cisco CallManager Forwarding with Multiple Cisco CMEs
For the special case of call forwarding to a voice mail system, note that the H.323 call setup for the forwarded call includes the original called number (the number of the forwarding phone). This can be used to provide integration with the voice mail system and to allow automatic selection of the voice mailbox that belongs to the forwarding phone.
Connected Party Name and Number Services