Section 3.5. Buttons


3.5. Buttons

Notice something about the previous form_to_remote example: in the generated HTML, the only difference between a regular form and an Ajaxified form is the addition of an onsubmit attributethe rest of the form, including the submit buttons, are vanilla HTML. Where form_to_remote creates a special, Ajaxified form with normal submit buttons, submit_to_remote does the opposite: it creates a special submit button for a plain form. For example:

<%= form_tag :action => 'reverse' %>   <p>Text to reverse: <%= text_field_tag 'text_to_reverse' %></p>   <p ></p>   <p><%= submit_to_remote 'submit', 'Reverse!',           :update => 'reversed2',           :url => { :action => 'reverse' } %></p> <%= end_form_tag %>

The first parameter to submit_to_remote determines the name attribute on the button, and the second sets the value, which appears in the button. When you click the button, the end result is exactly the same as before. However, the difference is that the form can be submitted both via Ajax or non-Ajax methods. Consider this variation with two submit buttons:

<%= form_tag :action => 'reverse' %>   <p>Text to reverse: <%= text_field_tag 'text_to_reverse' %></p>   <p ></p>   <p><%= submit_to_remote 'submit', 'Submit via Ajax',           :update => 'reversed',           :url => { :action => 'reverse' } %></p>   <p><%= submit_tag "Submit non-Ajax" %></p> <%= end_form_tag %>

In practice, a common application for submit_to_remote would be checking a form for validity before actually submitting it for creation. For example, during a sign-up process you could allow the user to check whether a chosen username is available.

3.5.1. Buttons for Arbitrary Functions

The button_to_function helper creates a button that triggers a JavaScript function. Just like link_to_function, the first argument becomes the text inside the button, and the second argument is the JavaScript to be evaluated. For example:

<%= button_to_function "Greet", "alert('Hello world!')" %>

To create a button that initiates an Ajax request, you can combine button_to_function with remote_function. That helper takes the same arguments as link_to_remote and returns the JavaScript needed for a remote function.

<%= button_to_function "Check Time",       remote_function(:update => "current_time",         :url => { :action => 'get_time' }) %>

3.5.2. Custom Helpers

Given the existence of link_to_function and link_to_remote, you would expect that button_to_function would have a corresponding button_to_remotebut there is no such beast. Fortunately, it's easy to implement, and it gives us a good reason to examine how to implement custom helpers. Because we're working in the chapter3 controller, custom helpers can be defined in either app/helpers/chapter3_helper.rb or app/helpers/application_helper.rbthey'll be accessible from our templates either way. For the new button_to_remote helper, we want to mimic the API of link_to_remote: the first parameter should be the button label, and the second should be a hash of options that's passed to remote_function. Here's an implementation:

def button_to_remote name, options = {}   button_to_function name, remote_function(options) end

As you can see, this is little more than a wrapper for button_to_function, but it allows us to have the same familiar API as link_to_remote:

<%= button_to_remote "Get Time Now",       :update => "current_time",       :url    => { :action => 'get_time' } %>

Custom helpers are an invaluable tool for keeping templates clean and maintainable. Any time you find yourself creating complicated logic or repeating yourself in the view, consider extracting the job to a helper.




Ajax on Rails
Ajax on Rails
ISBN: 0596527446
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 103
Authors: Scott Raymond

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