int32 co_bit_insert(int32 destination, uint8 dest_start_bit, uint8 num_bits, int32 source);
This function provides a concise and efficient method of inserting bits into a 32-bit signed integer.
The arguments for co_bit_insert are as follows:
Returns a 32-bit signed integer (int32) representing the original destination value, but with num_bits bits, starting at bit location dest_start_bit, replaced with the first num_bits bits of the source integer.
The co_bit_insert, co_bit_insert_u, co_bit_extract, and co_bit_extract_u functions operate on 32-bit data. If required, you can truncate the input and results to suit your needs. (Values greater than 32 bits are currently not supported.) For example, if you are operating on 16-bit numbers, you can use the functions as follows:
co_int16 src = 0xffff; co_int16 dest; dest = co_bit_extract(src, 8, 16); // dest == 0x00ff dest = co_bit_insert(src, 8, 8, dest); // dest == 0xffff
In this example, src and dest automatically get promoted (and sign-extended, since they are signed values) to 32-bit integers when used as arguments. The return value gets cast invisibly to a co_int16, which just truncates 32 to 16 bits.