This lesson teaches you how to install Windows 2000 Professional from a Microsoft CD-ROM. There are four stages in the installation process (see Figure 1.1).
These stages are described in detail in this lesson. After you learn about these four stages, you will install Windows 2000 Professional on your computer.
After this lesson, you will be able to
Estimated lesson time: 90 minutes
Installing Windows 2000 Professional to a clean hard disk is a four-stage process (see Figure 1.1) where files are copied, information is gathered (either by you or automatically), and the system is installed.
Figure 1.1 Windows 2000 installation steps
Installing Windows 2000 from a CD-ROM to a clean hard disk consists of these four stages:
The Setup program prepares the hard disk for later stages of the installation and copies the necessary files to the hard disk to run the Setup wizard. This is the Text-mode portion of setup.
The Setup wizard requests setup information about the computer, which includes names, passwords, and regional settings. This is the Graphics-mode portion of the setup.
After gathering information about the computer, the Setup wizard prompts you for networking information. After it has recorded the relevant information, it installs the networking components so that the computer can communicate with other computers on the network.
To complete the installation, Setup copies files to the hard disk, registers components, and configures the computer. The system restarts after installation is complete.
To start Setup, use the Setup boot disks. Insert the disk labeled Setup Boot Disk (Disk 1) into drive A, and then turn on, or restart, the computer. If your computer supports booting from a CD-ROM drive, you can also start the installation by using the Windows 2000 Professional CD-ROM.
Follow these steps to run the Setup program on a clean disk drive (see Figure 1.2).
Figure 1.2 Steps in the Setup program
The graphical user interface (GUI)-based Windows 2000 Setup wizard leads you through the next stage of the installation process. It gathers information about you, your organization, and your computer.
After installing Windows 2000 Professional security features and installing and configuring devices, the Windows 2000 Setup wizard prompts you to provide the following information:
You won't be prompted to enter modem dialing information during installation if no modem is attached to the computer on which you are installing Windows 2000 Professional.
After you complete this stage in the installation, the Windows 2000 Setup wizard starts to install the Windows networking components.
After gathering information about your computer, the Windows 2000 Setup program automatically installs the network software.
The following list describes the installation of networking components:
You can install other clients, services, and network protocols (such as NetBIOS Enhanced User Interface [NetBEUI], AppleTalk, and NWLink IPX/SPX/NetBIOS-compatible transport) at any time after you install Windows 2000 Professional.
After installing the networking components, the Windows 2000 Setup wizard copies additional files to the hard drive to configure Windows 2000 Professional. Then the Setup program automatically starts the fourth step in the installation process to perform a set of final tasks (see Figure 1.3).
Figure 1.3 The final steps in completing the installation
The following list describes the tasks that Setup performs to complete the installation:
The Setup program sets up shortcuts that will appear on the Start menu.
Setup applies the configuration settings that you specified in the Windows 2000 Setup wizard.
Setup saves your configuration settings to the local hard disk. The computer will automatically use this configuration the next time you start Windows 2000 Professional.
To save hard disk space, Setup deletes any files that it installed for use only during installation.
After completing the preceding steps, Setup restarts the computer. This completes the installation of Windows 2000 Professional on a client or standalone system from a CD-ROM.
In this practice, you install Windows 2000 Professional from a CD-ROM.
If your computer is configured with an El Torito-compatible CD-ROM drive, you can install Windows 2000 Professional without using the Setup disks. You can run the Setup program by restarting the computer with the CD-ROM inserted into the CD-ROM drive and then skip to step 4 in this practice. If you need to create the Setup disks, see Appendix B, "Creating Setup Boot Disks."
Setup displays the Welcome To Setup screen. Notice that, in addition to using it for installation, you can use Windows 2000 Setup to repair a damaged Windows 2000 Professional installation.
Notice at this point that if you want to quit Setup for any reason, you can press F3 to exit.
Setup displays the Windows 2000 Licensing Agreement screen.
Setup prompts you to select an area of free space or an existing partition on which to install Windows 2000 Professional. You may also create and delete partitions on your hard disk at this time if necessary.
If you already have an operating system installed on the C: partition, you can choose another partition. If you do, remember during the rest of the book to replace C: with the appropriate location for your Windows 2000 Professional installation.
If you have a version of Windows 2000 Professional already installed and you want to replace it with a fresh installation, press Esc. When prompted, select the appropriate partition on which you will install Windows 2000 Professional, press Enter, and follow the directions on the screen.
Setup displays a list of file system choices.
If you decide to format the partition with the FAT file system, you can use the Convert command provided in Windows 2000 Professional to convert a partition to NT file system (NTFS) without having to reformat the partition and lose all the information contained on the partition.
Reformatting the hard drive will delete any existing information on the computer. Be sure that the computers you use for all exercises in this book are ones that do not contain important data and can be reformatted.
Setup formats the hard disk, examines it, and then copies files to the Windows 2000 Professional installation folders. This might take several minutes. Setup then initializes Windows 2000 Professional.
If the partition is already formatted, Setup displays a Caution message indicating that formatting this drive will delete all files on it. If you see this message, and this is the partition on which you want to install Windows 2000 Professional, ensure that this partition option is selected and press Enter to format the drive.
If your computer supports booting from the CD-ROM drive and you do not remove the Windows 2000 Professional CD-ROM before Setup restarts the computer, the computer might reboot from the Windows 2000 Professional CD-ROM. This will cause Setup to begin the installation process from the start. If this happens, remove the CD-ROM and then restart the computer.
The computer restarts, and a message box appears prompting you to insert the CD-ROM labeled Windows 2000 Professional into your CD-ROM drive.
The Windows 2000 Professional Setup wizard appears.
Setup detects and installs devices. This might take several minutes. Setup configures NTFS folder and file permissions for the operating system files, detects the hardware devices in the computer, and then installs and configures device drivers to support the detected hardware. This process takes several minutes.
Setup then prompts you to customize Windows 2000 Professional for different regions and languages.
You can modify regional settings after you install Windows 2000 Professional by using Regional Settings in Control Panel.
Setup displays the Personalize Your Software page, prompting you for your name and organization name. Setup uses your organization name to generate the default computer name. Many applications that you install later will use this information for product registration and document identification.
Setup displays the Your Product Key page, prompting you for the 25-character Product Key that appears on the sticker affixed to your CD-ROM case.
Setup displays the Computer Name And Administrator Password page.
Note that Windows 2000 Professional displays the computer name entirely in capital letters, no matter how you type it.
If your computer is on a network, check with the network administrator before assigning a name to your computer. Throughout the rest of this chapter, the practice sections will refer to Pro1. If you don't name your computer Pro1, you will have to substitute the name of your computer whenever the book refers to Pro1.
For the practice sections in this self-paced training kit, you will use password as the Administrator account password. However, you should always use a complex password for the Administrator account (one that others cannot easily guess). Microsoft recommends mixing uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols (for example, Lp6*g9).
If a modem is connected to the computer to which you are installing Windows 2000 Professional, Setup displays the Modem Dialing Information page; otherwise, Setup displays the Date And Time Settings page. If your computer does not have a modem, go to step 12.
Setup displays the Date And Time Settings page.
If you have configured your computer for dual booting with another operating system that can also adjust your clock for daylight saving time changes, enable this feature for only one operating system. Enable this feature on the operating system you use most frequently so that the daylight saving adjustment will occur only once.
Setup displays the Network Settings page and automatically installs network software so that you can connect to other networks and to the Internet. This will take a few moments. After the files are copied, the Setup program prompts you to choose whether to use typical or custom settings for configuring network components.
Setup displays the Workgroup Or Computer Domain page.
Setup displays the Installing Components page, displaying the status as Setup copies files to install and configure Windows 2000 Professional components. This process takes several minutes.
Setup then displays the Performing Final Tasks page and displays the status as Setup installs Start menu items, registers components, saves settings, and removes any temporary files. This process also takes several minutes.
The Completing The Windows 2000 Setup Wizard page appears.
The computer restarts, and the Welcome To The Network Identification wizard appears.
The Users Of This Computer page appears.
The Completing The Network Identification Wizard page appears.
If the Found New Hardware wizard appears, read the information displayed, and then click Finish.
The Getting Started With Windows 2000 Professional dialog box appears.
In this lesson, you learned that installing Windows 2000 Professional is a four-stage process. You learned the tasks involved with each of these four stages, and you installed Windows 2000 Professional from a CD-ROM. During installation, you formatted your installation partition as NTFS and had the computer join the default workgroup.