5.5 Tips and Guidelines for Low-Power Design

   

The goal of this section is to summarize the tips and guidelines for low-power design of ASICs and SOCs.

  • The most effective power-optimization techniques are the higher level ones. These are algorithmic and architectural optimization techniques.

  • Use low-power process and libraries. There are low-power standard cell libraries for 0.18 µm such as Xemics CooLib. (Refer to reference 16 for more information.) The low-power libraries should be used in conjunction with a low-power process that is available from most ASIC vendors .

  • Decrease the dynamic power by reducing all of the terms in the fundamental equation of power:

    graphics/05equ08.gif


  • Apply the following for your supply voltages:

    Lower the supply voltage for the entire chip when possible.

    Use low-supply voltage for noncritical paths and high-supply voltage for components on critical paths.

  • Gate your clocks and high-activity signals whenever possible to prevent excessive switching activity in synchronous designs.

  • Reduce the power consumed in memory blocks/cores using the following approaches:

    Minimize the number of accesses to main memory by having more code in cache.

    Split large memories to smaller modules; for example, a 256k x 32 RAM can be split into two 128k x 32 RAMs.

    Segment memories with individual clocks and put each segment in sleep mode when idle.

  • Minimize the number of transitions in high-activity bus interconnects using the following methods :

    Partition a wide bus to multiple narrow buses since the bus width is directly related to power dissipation.

    Use bus-encoding techniques such as gray coding, bus inverting, and partial bus inverting.

  • Use power management techniques to shut down or minimize the switching activities of certain blocks/cores in your SOC (i.e., put them in sleep mode). This is more effective through software solutions.

  • EDA power estimation and power-optimization tools should be used in all design abstraction levels. However, these tools are more effective early on at the algorithm or architecture phases of a design.


   
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From ASICs to SOCs. A Practical Approach
From ASICs to SOCs: A Practical Approach
ISBN: 0130338575
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2003
Pages: 61

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