Generalised List Data Type

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about: about this document Generalised List Data Type

In many C programs you will see various implementations and re- implementations of lists and stacks, each tied to its own particular project. It is surprisingly simple to write a catch-all implementation, as I have done here with a generalised list operation API in `list.h' :

 #ifndef SIC_LIST_H #define SIC_LIST_H 1 #include <sic/common.h> BEGIN_C_DECLS typedef struct list {   struct list *next;    /* chain forward pointer*/   void *userdata;       /* incase you want to use raw Lists */ } List; extern List *list_new       (void *userdata); extern List *list_cons      (List *head, List *tail); extern List *list_tail      (List *head); extern size_t list_length   (List *head); END_C_DECLS #endif /* !SIC_LIST_H */ 

The trick is to ensure that any structures you want to chain together have their forward pointer in the first field. Having done that, the generic functions declared above can be used to manipulate any such chain by casting it to List * and back again as necessary.

For example:

 struct foo {   struct foo *next;   char *bar;   struct baz *qux;   ... }; ...   struct foo *foo_list = NULL;   foo_list = (struct foo *) list_cons ((List *) new_foo (),                                        (List *) foo_list); ... 

The implementation of the list manipulation functions is in `list.c' :

 #include "list.h" List * list_new (void *userdata) {   List *new = XMALLOC (List, 1);   new->next = NULL;   new->userdata = userdata;   return new; } List * list_cons (List *head, List *tail) {   head->next = tail;   return head; } List * list_tail (List *head) {   return head->next; } size_t list_length (List *head) {   size_t n;      for (n = 0; head; ++n)     head = head->next;   return n; } 

This document was generated by Gary V. Vaughan on May, 24 2001 using texi2html

GNU Autoconf, Automake and Libtool
GNU Autoconf, Automake, and Libtool
ISBN: 1578701902
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2002
Pages: 290

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