Whereas the traditional project manager could personally review the detailed project technical deliverables, this was often achieved by ignoring the business aspects of the project. Further, as the rate of technological change increases and the various system development techniques become increasingly complex, it has become difficult, if not impossible , for a project manager to have all the requisite skills to enable him or her to undertake such technical reviews. As a result, the role of a project manager has gradually shifted to ensuring that processes are in place to assure the technical quality of the project's deliverables, rather than personally reviewing the quality. This shift reflects the distinction between technical management and project management that emerged in other professions , such as civil engineering, discussed earlier in this book.
In effect, a radical difference between traditional and eXtreme project management is that traditional project management focused downward and inward toward the team and the technical context of the project. eXtreme project management focuses outward and upward toward the stakeholders, project sponsor, and the complex relationships between the project and the stakeholders (see Figure 3.2). 
Figure 3.2. New project management focus