Recipe 7.2 Handling Errors at the Page Level

     

7.2.1 Problem

You want to trap any error that occurs on a page and then, using a page-level event handler, redirect the user to another page that displays the information about the problem.

7.2.2 Solution

Add code to the Page_Error event handler of the page to set the ErrorPage property of that page to the URL you want to display to the user when an error occurs.

In the code-behind for the page, use the .NET language of your choice to:

  1. Add a Page_Error event handler.

  2. In the event handler, get a reference to the last error that occurred using the GetLastError method.

  3. Set the ErrorPage property of the Page object to the URL of the page you want displayed after the error, adding querystring parameters to pass error information to the page.

Example 7-3 (VB) and Example 7-4 (C#) show an example that demonstrates this solution. (Because the .aspx file for this example contains nothing related to the error handling, it is not included here.)

7.2.3 Discussion

The Page_Error event of the ASP.NET Page object is raised any time an unhandled error occurs in a page. In C#, be sure to wire the Page_Error method to the page error event. This can be done in the InitializeComponent method or the Page_Load method with the following line of code:

  this.Error += new System.EventHandler(this.Page_Error);  

The first action required in the event handler is to get a reference to the last error. After getting the reference, the code should perform the required logging, notifications, and the like. See Recipe 7.3 for an example of writing to the event log.

ASP.NET provides you with the ability to redirect the user to another page when an error occurs. To use this feature, simply set the ErrorPage property of the Page object to the URL of the page you want the user to see. You can add querystring parameters to the URL to pass specific error messages to the page. For instance, in the code snippets shown next , we've added three querystring parameters to the URL of an error message page: PageHeader , Message1 , and Message2 . PageHeader is simply set to the message "Error Occurred". Message1 is set to the message in the lastError exception. This will be the message from the last exception thrown. Message2 is a message we've added to say where the error was processed .

 
figs/vbicon.gif
 Page.ErrorPage = "CH07DisplayErrorVB.aspx" & _  "?PageHeader=Error Occurred" & _   "&Message1=" & lastError.Message & _   "&Message2=" & _   "This error was processed at the page level"  
figs/csharpicon.gif
 Page.ErrorPage = "CH07DisplayErrorCS.aspx" +  "?PageHeader=Error Occurred" +   "&Message1=" + lastError.Message +   "&Message2=" +   "This error was processed at the page level";  

When the Page_Error event is completed, ASP.NET will automatically perform a redirect to the URL named in the ErrorPage property. You could do this yourself using Response.Redirect( [Page URL] ) , but why write a line of code when ASP.NET can do it for you?

If you do not add any querystring parameters, ASP.NET will append one for you. The name of the parameter will be aspxerrorpath , and the value will be the relative URL to the specified page. In our example, the ASP.NET-added querystring would have been as follows :

 aspxerrorpath=/aspnetcookbook/VBExamples/CH07PageLevelErrorHandlingVB.aspx 


This technique, when coupled with those for handling exceptions at the method level (described in Recipe 7.1) can greatly simplify handling errors in pages. The only place any code is required to gather error information and redirect to another page is in the Page_Error event handler. This is a significant improvement over the error-handling code that was required in classic ASP, where exception handling could be done only at the method level.

By default, ASP.NET displays the full error context in a special ASP.NET page on the local machine. If you access this example from a browser on the web server, the redirection described here will not occur. If you access this example from a different machine, the redirection will be performed. Refer to Chapter 9 for changing the default handling of error messages in web.config .


7.2.4 See Also

Recipe 7.1; Recipe 7.3

Example 7-3. Handling errors at the page level (.vb)
 Option Explicit On Option Strict On '----------------------------------------------------------------------------- ' ' Module Name: CH07PageLevelErrorHandlingVB.aspx.vb ' ' Description: This module provides the code behind for ' CH07PageLevelErrorHandlingVB.aspx ' '***************************************************************************** Imports System Imports System.Collections Namespace ASPNetCookbook.VBExamples Public Class CH07PageLevelErrorHandlingVB Inherits System.Web.UI.Page '************************************************************************* ' ' ROUTINE: Page_Load ' ' DESCRIPTION: This routine provides the event handler for the page load ' event. It is responsible for initializing the controls ' on the page. '------------------------------------------------------------------------- Private Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, _ ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load Dim values As Hashtable  'add a key/value pair to the hashtable without first creating   'the hashtable which will cause a null reference exception error   values.Add("Key", "Value")  End Sub 'Page_Load '************************************************************************* ' ' ROUTINE: Page_Error ' ' DESCRIPTION: This routine provides the event handler for the page ' error event. It builds a URL with the error information ' then sets the ErrorPage property to the URL. '-------------------------------------------------------------------------  Private Sub Page_Error(ByVal sender As Object, _   ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Error   Dim lastError As Exception   'get the last error that occurred   lastError = Server.GetLastError( )   'do any logging, notifications, etc. here   'set the URL of the page that will display the error and   'include querystring parameters to allow the page to display   'what happened   Page.ErrorPage = "CH07DisplayErrorVB.aspx" & _   "?PageHeader=Error Occurred" & _   "&Message1=" & lastError.Message & _   "&Message2=" & _   "This error was processed at the page level"   End Sub 'Page_Error  End Class 'CH07PageLevelErrorHandlingVB End Namespace 

Example 7-4. Handling errors at the page level (.cs)
 //---------------------------------------------------------------------------- // // Module Name: CH07PageLevelErrorHandlingCS.aspx.cs // // Description: This module provides the code behind for // CH07PageLevelErrorHandlingCS.aspx // //**************************************************************************** using System; using System.Collections; namespace ASPNetCookbook.CSExamples { public class CH07PageLevelErrorHandlingCS : System.Web.UI.Page { //************************************************************************ // // ROUTINE: Page_Load // // DESCRIPTION: This routine provides the event handler for the page // load event. It is responsible for initializing the // controls on the page. //------------------------------------------------------------------------ private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e) { Hashtable values = null; // wire the page error event this.Error += new System.EventHandler(this.Page_Error);  // add a key/value pair to the hashtable without first creating   // the hashtable which will cause a null reference exception error   values.Add("Key", "Value");  } // Page_Load //************************************************************************ // // ROUTINE: Page_Error // // DESCRIPTION: This routine provides the event handler for the page // error event. It builds a URL with the error information // then sets the ErrorPage property to the URL. //------------------------------------------------------------------------  private void Page_Error(Object sender,   System.EventArgs e)   {   Exception lastError = null;   // get the last error that occurred   lastError = Server.GetLastError( );   // do any logging, notifications, etc. here   // set the URL of the page that will display the error and   // include querystring parameters to allow the page to display   // what happened   Page.ErrorPage = "CH07DisplayErrorCS.aspx" +   "?PageHeader=Error Occurred" +   "&Message1=" + lastError.Message +   "&Message2=" +   "This error was processed at the page level";   } // Page_Error  } // CH07PageLevelErrorHandlingCS } 



ASP. NET Cookbook
ASP.Net 2.0 Cookbook (Cookbooks (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596100647
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 179

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