This section of the report lists what you found and how you found it. This is the current state of the network. You will want to discuss items of concern that were discovered during the assessment. Because this section follows the statement of work, it should build on what you did during testing. The results of your tests and examinations should be discussed. Overall, this section should stay focused on the importance of security to the organization. It is important to remember to keep your findings balanced. Organizations are not all good or bad, and the findings shouldn't be, either. Comment on what the company is doing right.
Discussion of findings should list several sentences that briefly detail each problem. It can be organized in a table by findings and show the impact to the organization, such as high, medium, or low, as well as a solution. Or it can be organized by class and category, such as management findings, operational findings, and technical findings.
Introduction to Assessing Network Vulnerabilities
Foundations and Principles of Security
Why Risk Assessment
Scoping the Project
Understanding the Attacker
Performing the Assessment
Tools Used for Assessments and Evaluations
Preparing the Final Report
Appendix A. Security Assessment Resources
Appendix B. Security Assessment Forms
Appendix C. Security Assessment Sample Report
Appendix D. Dealing with Consultants and Outside Vendors
Appendix E. SIRT Team Report Format Template