Section 2.1. Use the My Objects to Program Common Tasks


2.1. Use the My Objects to Program Common Tasks

The new My objects provide easy access to various features that developers often need but don't necessarily know where to find in the sprawling .NET class library. Essentially, the My objects offer one-stop shopping, with access to everything from the Windows registry to the current network connection. Best of all, the My object hierarchy is organized according to use and is easy to navigate using Visual Studio IntelliSense.

2.1.1. How do I do that?

There are seven first-level My objects. Out of these, three core objects centralize functionality from the .NET Framework and provide computer information. These include:


Note: Tired of hunting through the extensive . NET class library in search of what you need? With the new My objects, you can quickly find some of the most useful features . NET has to offer.

My.Computer

This object provides information about the current computer, including its network connection, the mouse and keyboard state, the printer and screen, and the clock. You can also use this object as a jumping-off point to play a sound, find a file, access the registry, or use the Windows clipboard.


My.Application

This object provides information about the current application and its context, including the assembly and its version, the folder where the application is running, the culture, and the command-line arguments that were used to start the application. You can also use this object to log an application event.


My.User

This object provides information about the current user. You can use this object to check the user's Windows account and test what groups the user is a member of.

Along with these three objects, there are another two objects that provide default instances. Default instances are objects that .NET creates automatically for certain types of classes defined in your application. They include:


My.Forms

This object provides a default instance of each Windows form in your application. You can use this object to communicate between forms without needing to track form references in another class.


My.WebServices

This object provides a default proxy-class instance for every web service. For example, if your project uses two web references, you can access a ready-made proxy class for each one through this object.

Finally, there are two other My objects that provide easy access to the configuration settings and resources:


My.Settings

This object allows you to retrieve custom settings from your application's XML configuration file.


My.Resources

This object allows you to retrieve resourcesblocks of binary or text data that are compiled into your application assembly. Resources are typically used to store localized strings, images, and audio files.


Warning: Note that the My objects are influenced by the project type. For example, when creating a web or console application, you won't be able to use My.Forms.

Some of the My classes are defined in the Microsoft.VisualBasic.MyServices namespace, while others, such as the classes used for the My.Settings and My.Resources objects, are created dynamically by Visual Studio 2005 when you modify application settings and add resources to the current project.

To try out the My object, you can use Visual Studio IntelliSense. Just type My, followed by a period, and take a look at the available objects, as shown in Figure 2-1. You can choose one and press the period again to step down another level.

Figure 2-1. Browsing the My objects


To try a simple example that displays some basic information using the My object, create a new console project. Then, add this code to the Main( ) routine:

Console.WriteLine(My.Computer.Name) Console.WriteLine(My.Computer.Clock.LocalTime) Console.WriteLine(My.Application.CurrentDirectory) Console.WriteLine(My.User.Identity.Name)

When you run this code, you'll see some output in the console window, which shows the computer name, current time, application directory, and user:

SALESSERVER 2005-10-1 8:08:52 PM C:\Code\VBNotebook\1.07\MyTest\bin MATTHEW


Warning: The My object also has a "dark side." Use of the My object makes it more difficult to share your solution with non-VB developers, because other languages, such as C#, don't have the same feature.

2.1.2. Where can I learn more?

You can learn more about the My object and see examples by looking up the "My Object" index entry in the MSDN Help. You can also learn more by examining some of this book's other labs that use the My object. Some examples include:

  • Using My.Application to retrieve details of your program, such as the current version and the command-line parameters used to start it (see the "Get Application Information" lab in this chapter).

  • Using My.Resources to load images and other resources from the application assembly (see the "Use Strongly Typed Resources" lab in this chapter).

  • Using My.Settings to retrieve application and user settings (see the "Use Strongly Typed Configuration Settings" lab in this chapter).

  • Using My.Forms to interact between application windows (see the "Communicate Between Forms" lab in Chapter 3).

  • Using My.Computer to perform file manipulation and network tasks in Chapters 5 and 6.

  • Using My.User to authenticate the current user (see the "Test Group Membership of the Current User" lab in Chapter 6).



Visual Basic 2005(c) A Developer's Notebook
Visual Basic 2005: A Developers Notebook
ISBN: 0596007264
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 123

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