Chapter Summary

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The following points summarize the key concepts of this chapter.

Introduction to Network Operating Systems

  • Without a network operating system (NOS) of some kind, individual computers cannot share resources, and other users cannot make use of those resources.
  • An NOS can be part of a computer operating system or a separate application that runs on top of the computer operating system.
  • Windows NT is an example of an operating system that incorporates both computer and network operating systems in one system.
  • By multitasking, computers can perform more than one task at a time.
  • Multitasking can be either preemptive or nonpreemptive.
  • Server software is the means by which an NOS provides services to other computers on a network.
  • A redirector is used to forward client requests to the network.
  • Using redirectors, users can access peripheral devices as if the devices were attached directly to the client computer.
  • The first step in choosing a network operating system is to decide which network architecture—client/server or peer-to-peer—best meets your needs; this can often be accomplished by determining what level of security your network requires.

Novell Operating Systems

  • NetWare client software is designed to be installed over a client computer's operating system.
  • The NetWare NOS is designed to work in multivendor network environments.
  • NetWare Directory Services (NDS) provide a database that maintains information about every resource on the network.
  • NDS provides security, routing, messaging, management, Web publishing, file and print services, and name services.
  • A NetWare network requires both NetWare Server software for the server and NetWare Client software for each workstation.

Microsoft Network Operating Systems

  • Windows NT is Microsoft's network operating system.
  • Windows NT incorporates both the computer and the network operating system into one.
  • Windows NT Server is the server module of the network.
  • Windows NT Workstation is the client module of the network.
  • Windows NT networks are designed to take advantage of the domain model in which all computers share a common security database. This information is stored on a server that is designated as the domain controller. Windows Server and Workstation will operate as part of a peer-to-peer network (share model), but you will not be able to take advantage of the additional security features provided in the domain model.
  • Windows NT provides several utilities to provide interoperability between NetWare and Windows NT.

Other Network Operating Systems

  • Apple IP allows non-Apple users to access Apple resources such as database files.
  • A UNIX computer can be used as a file server by installing file-server software.
  • Banyan Vines is a network operating system based on the Xerox proprietary protocol.
  • Banyan Vines is a server/client-based network operating system.
  • Peer-to-peer LAN networking is popular for small offices in which maintaining network security is not an issue.
  • Windows for Workgroups, Windows 95 and 98, and OS/2 Warp NOSs have built-in peer-to-peer LAN software.

Network Operating Systems in a Multivendor Environment

  • Interoperability in multivendor environments can be achieved from either the client or server computer.
  • Redirectors are used to intercept requests for services and forward them across the network to the appropriate network services.
  • A client or a server can have multiple redirectors.
  • The three primary manufacturers of products for multivendor environments are Novell, Microsoft, and Apple.
  • Apple computers connect to personal computer networks by means of network servers.

MCSE Training Kit Networking Essentials Plus 1999
MCSE Training Kit: Networking Essentials Plus, Third Edition (IT Professional)
ISBN: 157231902X
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2005
Pages: 106

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