Although it's easier to import employee data for complex organization charts, you might want to create an organization chart manually for a small organization or if the employee data doesn't already exist in a database or spreadsheet. When you create an organization chart manually, you drag shapes from the stencil onto the page, starting with the top position in the hierarchical order (usually a CEO, president, or executive director). To specify the reporting structure, you drop a shape directly on top of another, as Figure 10-5 shows.
Figure 10-5. Unlike flowcharts and other Visio diagrams, organization charts build connections for you when you drag a shape on top of another shape.
The Organization Chart Shapes stencil includes shapes with names that imply specific positions; however, you don't have to use the shapes as they are named. For example, you can use the executive shape for every employee in the chart. The shape names do provide information that Visio can use in reports and to manage reporting relationships, so most people use the shapes as named, but it's not necessary.
If you want a particular look for a type of shape, you can apply a design theme to your chart. For details about themes, see "Formatting an Organization Chart."
Follow these steps to create a new organization chart:
The first time you create an organization chart, Visio displays a message box that shows you how to connect shapes automatically. Click OK.
Visio lays out subordinates horizontally as you add shapes.
For example, to change the layout for only the sales manager and the people who report directly to him or her, click the sales manager shape, click the Vertical Layout button on the Organization Chart toolbar, and then click the layout you want. Visio arranges the manager and all subordinate shapes automatically.
Once the basic chart is in place with employee names and titles, you can format and work with the information in a variety of ways. For example, you can change the size and appearance of shapes, format text in the shapes, and change the displayed text, as described later in this chapter.
For details about tracking employee data with an organization chart you create manually, see "Entering Data in Shapes."