You want requests for static content such as HTML-style URLs to request a servlet.
Use a servlet-mapping element in web.xml to map the servlet name to the static content.
It often seems odd to the casual programmer, but you can have a servlet respond to a URL that appears to be static content, such as an HTML file. Example 3-6 maps the servlet HtmlServlet to all URLs ending in the .html suffix. Any request within the web application that contains this deployment descriptor and specifies a file ending with .html is directed to HtmlServlet .
Example 3-6. Mapping static content to a servlet in web.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?> <!DOCTYPE web-app PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN" "http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-application_2_3.dtd" > <web-app> <servlet> <servlet-name>HtmlServlet</servlet-name> <servlet-class>com.jspservletcookbook.HtmlServlet</servlet-class> </servlet> <servlet-mapping> <servlet-name>HtmlServlet</servlet-name> <url-pattern>*.html</url-pattern> </servlet-mapping> </web-app>
The servlet-mapping element in this listing contains an extension-mapping URL pattern: it begins with an asterisk and ends with .html . If you want to map the servlet to just one HTML file, use XML that looks like this:
Using this pattern, only requests for the myfile.html file are directed to HtmlServlet .
Chapter 1 on web.xml ; Recipe 3.3; Recipe 3.5-Recipe 3.8; Chapter 11 of the Servlet v2.3 and 2.4 specifications on mapping requests to servlets.