Using the Selection Tools

The selection tools are conveniently located in the top section of the toolbox. You have four kinds of selection tools:

• Marquees rectangular and elliptical

• Lassos regular, polygonal, and magnetic

• The Magic Wand

• The Selection Brush

The Crop and Move tools are also in the same section. From a philosophical point of view, these last two tools really do belong there. After all, you need the Move tool to move selections, and cropping is the ultimate selection. By the way, you may have noticed that you can only see one Lasso and one Marquee. The others are on a pop-up menu that will appear when you click the small black triangle, as in Figure 23.1.

Making Selections with Marquees

Using the Marquees is quite simple. Select the proper tool for the jobeither the rectangle or the circleand position it at the start of the selection. Press the mouse button and drag until your selection is complete. By adding selections to an existing selection, you can build quite elaborate shapes , as I have in Figure 23.2.

Figure 23.2. It's not the Taj Mahal.

To constrain the shape to a perfect square or circle, press the mouse button and as you start dragging, press and hold the Shift key. This gets tricky, because pressing the Shift key after you have made a selection allows you to continue to add more pieces to the selection. If you have trouble with these, don't worry, you can accomplish the same thing by using the buttons on the tool Options bar, shown in Figure 23.3.

Figure 23.3. Use the key commands or these buttons; it's your choice.

From the left, choose either the square or circle as the Marquee shape. Then choose from the set of four small icons according to what you need to do: New Selection, Add to Selection, Subtract from Selection, or Intersect with Selection. Or, press the Shift key to add, and the Option key to delete part of a selection.

Instead of pressing the Shift key as you drag to constrain proportions , you can choose a Style, such as Fixed Aspect Ratio and enter 1:1 for a square or circle or any other pair of numbers for constrained rectangles and ovals. To drag a marquee from its center out, press and hold Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS) after you begin dragging.

Task: Drawing a Donut with the Marquee Tool

Start a new image.

1. Select the Elliptical Marquee tool. Starting near the top left of the image, drag the crosshairs down and to the right, pressing the Shift key as you drag. This will give you a perfect circle. Make this circle whatever size you wish.

2. Holding down the Option/Alt key, draw a smaller circle inside the first. You can also click the Subtract from Selection button and draw the inner circle if you like.

3. Select the paint bucket tool, and pour paint into the area between the two circles.

4. Press Command/Ctrl-D to deselect and chase away the marching ants . Enjoy your donut.

Sams Teach Yourself Mac OS X Digital Media All In One
ISBN: 0672325322
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2003
Pages: 349