D


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data

pieces of information



database

an organized collection of numeric information



decision analysis

the analysis of decision situations in which certainty cannot be assumed



decision support system (DSS)

a computer-based information system that a manager can use to assist in and support decision making



decision tree

a graphical diagram for analyzing a decision situation



decision variable

a variable whose value represents a potential decision on the part of the manager



degeneracy

a tie for the pivot row is broken arbitrarily and can lead to degeneracy



Delphi method

a procedure for acquiring informal judgments and opinions from knowledgeable individuals to use as a subjective forecast



dependent demand

typically component parts used internally to produce a final product



dependent events

events for which the probability of one event is affected by the probability of occurrence of other events



derivative

in calculus, a transformed form of a mathematical function that defines the slope of the function



deterministic

characterized by the assumption that there is no uncertainty



deviational variables

in a goal programming model constraint, variables that reflect the possible deviation from a goal level



differential

the derivative of a function



directed branch

a branch in a network in which flow is possible in only one direction



discrete distribution

a probability distribution that consists of values for the random variable that are countable and usually integer



dual

an alternative form of a linear programming model that contains useful information regarding the value of resources, which form the constraints of the model



dummy activity

a branch in a CPM/PERT network that reflects a precedence relationship but does not represent any passage of time






Introduction to Management Science
Introduction to Management Science (10th Edition)
ISBN: 0136064361
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 358

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