The File and StreamWriter Classes


The File and StreamWriter Classes

The StreamWriter class implements a TextWriter for writing characters to a stream in a particular encoding. StreamWriter is designed for character output in a particular encoding, whereas subclasses of Stream are designed for byte input and output.

StreamWriter defaults to UTF8Encoding unless specified otherwise . UTF-8 handles Unicode characters correctly and gives consistent results on localized versions of the operating system.

This section creates a sample application that enables users to write a message, and then saves the message to a disk file so that other users can read the message. The code that reads and displays the message file appears in the preceding section.

Creating a Text File

Before any data can be written to the disk, a file must be created. This is done in the example with the File.CreateText() method. The following code shows how to create a file named C:\Test\This\Out\Data.txt:

 Dim strFilename as String  strFilename = "C:\Test\This\Out\Data.txt"  File.CreateText( strFilename ) 

Writing Data to a Text File

The File.CreateText() method returns a StreamWriter object. This is then used to write the data to the newly created disk file. The following code uses an already opened StreamReader to write a string to disk:

 writer.Write( strTextData ) 

Figure 5.9 shows the sample application in use. Listing 5.10 shows the code that makes it work.

Figure 5.9. The File and StreamWriter classes make it easy to create and write text files.


Listing 5.10 Saving the Data That the User Entered into MessageText.txt
 Sub Button1_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)      Dim writer As StreamWriter      Label1.Text = ""      Try          writer = _             File.CreateText(Request.MapPath("VisitorFiles\MessageText.txt"))          writer.Write(TextBox1.Text)          writer.Close()          Label1.Text = "File was written successfully"          TextBox1.Text = ""      Catch ex As Exception          Label1.Text = ex.Message      End Try  End Sub 

Special Edition Using ASP. NET
Special Edition Using ASP.Net
ISBN: 0789725606
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2002
Pages: 233 © 2008-2017.
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