As mentioned, a trade secret is any information that both benefits a business commercially and is kept a secret. More specifically, when deciding whether something qualifies as a trade secret, courts will typically consider the following factors:
the extent to which the information is known outside of the particular business entity
the extent to which the information is known by employees and others involved in the business
the extent to which measures have been taken to guard the secrecy of the information
the value of the information to the business, and
the difficulty with which the information could be properly acquired or independently duplicated by others.
Related terms: competitive advantage; compilation of information as a trade secret; copyright and trade secret law compatibility; head start rule; in-house trade secrets; notice to employees of trade secret; novelty and trade secrets; parallel research; patent application, effect on trade secrets; physical devices, ability to maintain as trade secrets; read-only memories (ROMs) and trade secrets; reasonably precautionary measures to protect trade secrets; source code as trade secret; trade secret, defined; trade secret owner; Uniform Trade Secret Protection Act.