Recipe 11.4 Setting the URL of a Web Service at Runtime


11.4.1 Problem

You need to set the URL of the web service at runtime.

11.4.2 Solution

In the code-behind class for your page, set the URL property of the proxy class to the required URL after instantiating the proxy object, as shown here:

 bookServices = New ExampleBookServices.CH11BookServicesVB( ) bookServices.Url = "http://michaelk/aspnetcookbook/CH11BookServicesVB.asmx" 
 bookServices = new ExampleBookServices.CH11BookServicesCS( ); bookServices.Url = "http://michaelk/aspnetcookbook/CH11BookServicesCS.asmx"; 

Better still, by storing the URL in web.config and setting the URL property of the proxy class at runtime from the web.config setting, you can avoid having to change the code whenever the URL changes.

11.4.3 Discussion

The ability to configure an application without having to recompile its code every time you make a change in the location of its resources can be a real time-saver. Since the URL for a web service can change, it is a good idea to code your application to set the URL at runtime.

Whenever you add a web reference to a project, Visual Studio creates a proxy class for the web service using the URL you enter. For example, the constructor for the class from Recipe 11.3 is shown here with a hardcoded value for the URL that Visual Studio added using the value we entered when adding the web reference:

 Public Class BookServices_VB Inherits System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapHttpClientProtocol 
 Public Sub New( ) MyBase.New  Me.Url = _   "http://localhost/ASPNetCookbook/VBWebServices/CH11BookServicesVB.asmx"  End Sub ... End Class public class BookServices_CS : System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapHttpClientProtocol { public BookServices_CS( ) {  this.Url =   http://localhost/ASPNetCookbook/CSWebServices/CH11BookServicesCS.asmx";  } ... } 

If the URL changes and your code does not provide the ability to set the URL at runtime, we would need to delete the current web reference, add a web reference to the new URL, recompile the code, and then deploy the application. This is a lot of work simply to change a URL.

By storing the URL in a configuration file, such as web.config , and setting the URL property of the proxy class at runtime, no code changes are required when the URL changes. By selecting the web reference in the Solution Explorer window and then changing the URL Behavior property in the Properties window to Dynamic , as shown in Figure 11-5, Visual Studio .NET alters the constructor of the proxy class to read the URL from web.config and set the URL property if the setting was found in web.config or use the hardcoded value if it was not found. The following code snippets show the code Visual Studio .NET creates for the constructor when the URL Behavior property is set to Dynamic .

Figure 11-5. Setting the URL Behavior to Dynamic in web.config

 Public Class CH11BookServicesVB Inherits System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapHttpClientProtocol Public Sub New( ) MyBase.New  Dim urlSetting As String = _   System.Configuration.ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings( _   "VBExamples.ExampleBookServices.CH11BookServicesVB")   If (Not (urlSetting) Is Nothing) Then   Me.Url = String.Concat(urlSetting, "")   Else   Me.Url = _   "http://michaelk/ASPNetCookbook/VBWebServices/CH11BookServicesVB.asmx"   End If  End Sub ... End Class 
 public class CH11BookServicesCS: System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapHttpClientProtocol { public BookServices_CS( ) {  string urlSetting =   System.Configuration.ConfigurationSettings.   AppSettings["CSExamples.ExampleBookServices.CH11BookServicesCS"];   if ((urlSetting != null))   {   this.Url = string.Concat(urlSetting, "");   }   else   {   this.Url =   "http://localhost/ASPNetCookbook/CSWebServices/CH11BookServicesCS.asmx";   }  } ... } 

When you set the URL Behavior property to Dynamic , Visual Studio .NET also adds an entry in the appSettings section your web.config file. The key is set to the full namespace of the proxy class, and the value is set the same as the hardcoded value. By just changing a property value, Visual Studio .NET has written all of the code you need to support changing the URL of the web service without having to change, recompile, and deploy code.

 <appSettings>  <add key="VBExamples.ExampleBookServices.CH11BookServicesVB"   value="http://michaelk/ASPNetCookbook/VBWebServices/CH11BookServicesVB.asmx"/>  </appSettings> 

ASP. NET Cookbook
ASP.Net 2.0 Cookbook (Cookbooks (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596100647
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 179

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