Chapter VIII: Materialized Views in Multidimensional Databases

Stefano Paraboschi, Università di Bergamo


Giuseppe Sindoni, National Institute of Statistics


Elena Baralis, Politecnico di Torino


Ernest Teniente, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya


This chapter presents materialized views in the context of multidimensional databases (MDDBs). A materialized view is a view whose content is explicitly stored in the database. The advantage of materializing views is that it is not necessary to recompute the query every time the view is accessed. The shortcoming is that it has to be kept consistent with the updates on the base tables. However, efficient incremental maintenance techniques have been proposed. MDDBs are an ideal environment for materialized views because frequency of updates is low, MDDB data models permit easy adoption of incremental maintenance, and queries can be modeled in such a way to allow an easy definition of the view selection problem, i.e., the problem of selecting which query to materialize in an MDDB. Hence, we present the problems of choosing and maintaining materialised views with the corresponding solutions.


Views are database objects whose content is derived from data stored in the database. A view V can be considered as the result of the computation of a function f on the database state DB: V = f(DB). In relational databases a view has the same structure of a relation, as it is labeled with a name (unique in the database schema among all tables and views), it is characterized by a set of attributes, and its instance consists of a set of tuples; the only difference is that its content is obtained executing a query on the database, and it is not explicitly created by database users.

Example 1: View TOTALSALES has two attributes Product and TotalAmount and each tuple presents the sum of the amounts of all the sales for a particular product.

    create view TotalSales(Product,TotalAmount) as    select Product, sum(Amount)    from Sales    group by Product 

Views have an important role in databases, as they are at the core of many significant database services. Using views, a database schema can be adapted to the needs of the different users of the database. Data independence, one of the main advantages of databases (Atzeni et al., 1999), is implemented at the logical level by means of views; when the database schema evolves, views are used to emulate previous schema versions, making the application code independent of the actual relational schema.

Multidimensional Databases(c) Problems and Solutions
Multidimensional Databases: Problems and Solutions
ISBN: 1591400538
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2003
Pages: 150 © 2008-2017.
If you may any questions please contact us: