Introduction to Worksheet Formatting

It is now time to show you how to pretty things up. This hour is about to come to a close, but you still have time to learn some cell -formatting basics and you can continue with Excel's more advanced formatting features in the next hour 's session.


Excel right-justifies numbers (and formulas that result in numbers) and left-justifies text labels. You don't have to accept Excel's default justification, however. To left-, center-, or right-justify the contents of any cell (or range), select the cell (or range) and click the Align Left, Center, or Align Right toolbar buttons. Using these buttons , you can center titles above columns and adjust your numbers to look just right.


Excel offers a trick that even some Excel gurus forget: If you want to center a title above several columns of data, type the title in a cell above the data. If you cannot center the title over the values by clicking the Center toolbar button, select all the cells around the title so that you have selected as many columns as there is data. Click the Merge and Center toolbar button. Excel centers the title, even though the title resides in a single cell, across the entire column selection.

Row and Column Height and Width

As you learn more formatting tricks, you will need to adjust certain row and column widths and heights to hold the newly formatted values. To adjust a row's height, point to the line that separates the row number from the previous row. When the mouse pointer changes to a double-pointing arrow, drag the row's top edge up or down. In the same manner, to change the width of a column, point to the column heading's right edge and drag your mouse left or right. Sometimes large titles need larger row heights.

In the same manner, to change the width of a column, point to the column name 's left or right edge and drag your mouse left or right. Excel adjusts the column width to follow your mouse movement. When you release the mouse, Excel anchors the new column width where you left it.


If you shrink a column width so that the column can no longer display numerical data, Excel displays pound signs ( ##### ) to warn you that you need to widen the column. Your data is still stored in the cell; it just cannot be displayed.

To adjust the column width so that the column (or range of columns) is exactly large enough to hold the largest data value in the column, select the column (or columns) and double-click the right edge of the column heading. Excel adjusts the column to hold the widest data in the column.

Font Changes

Feel free to change the worksheet's font to add appeal . Simple font changes, such as boldfacing, italicizing, and underlining, greatly improve the look of titles. The Bold, Italic, and Underline toolbar buttons add the proper formatting to your selected cell or range.

If you select Format, Cells and click the Font tab, Excel displays the Font dialog box (virtually identical to that of Word's), in which you can select a new font name and size. As Figure 7.11 shows, simple font changes can make a big improvement on otherwise dull worksheets. The only changes were a different font and size for the title and bold for the months and totals.

Figure 7.11. Already this worksheet looks better.


Of course, you can use the Font and Font Size toolbar buttons to change a typeface or size without displaying the Font dialog box.

Sams Teach Yourself Microsoft Office 2003 in 24 Hours
Sams Teach Yourself Microsoft Office 2003 in 24 Hours
ISBN: 0672325535
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2003
Pages: 272
Authors: Greg Perry © 2008-2017.
If you may any questions please contact us: