1. Full text of the address on which this chapter is based is available in the Proceedings of the Industrial Relations Research Association.

  2. For a more complete discussion of these points, see IRRA (1999).

  3. Thanks are due to the Task Force on Reconstructing America's Labor Market Institutions Working Group on the Social Contract and the Corporation for crafting this definition of the social contract.

  4. Derber 1970.

  5. See Blair (1994), Blair and Kochan (2000).

  6. I am indebted to Richard Locke for emphasizing this point. See also Rubinstein and Heckscher (1999).

  7. Credit is due to Amy Dean for first coining this term.

  8. Gallup poll surveys and many other surveys continue to report that a majority of Americans continues to agree that unions are valuable institutions in society. For a statement on the importance of unions to a democratic society, jointly written by a group of leading business and labor leaders, see Collective Bargaining Forum (1999).

  9. Cobble 2000.

  10. Worker surveys and opinion polls have been consistent on this point for many years. For the most complete recent documentation and analysis of worker preferences for participation and representation on the job, see Freeman and Rogers (1999). See also the various polls conducted for the AFL-CIO by Peter Hart Associates.

  11. See the data reported in Freeman and Rogers and the Peter Hart polls.

  12. Webb and Webb 1897.

  13. Peter Hart and Associates 1998 poll reports 28 percent of the nonunion workforce were union members at some prior point in their careers.

  14. Giving Life to a Living Wage 1999. See also Uchitelle (1999).

  15. See the emphasis placed on education and training in the Secretary of Labor's 1999 Labor Day report, Futurework, available at

  16. For a recent review of the evidence showing increased returns to human capital, see Levy (1998).

  17. 17. Commons 1923.

  18. For various proposals for how to implement this approach to monitoring and enforcing workplace regulations, see Levine (1997), Marshall (1997), Schneider (1997). For my own suggestions on how to do this, see Kochan (1998).

  19. See Zack (1996).

  20. For an evaluation of the Massachusetts experiment, see Kochan, Lautsch, and Bendersky (1999).

  21. For a review of the evidence, see U.S. Departments of Commerce and Labor (1994).

  22. These are laid out in more detail in Kochan (1998).

  23. See Kochan (1998).

Inventing the Organizations of the 21st Century
Inventing the Organizations of the 21st Century
ISBN: 026263273X
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2005
Pages: 214

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