Section 8.12. The End of the Tutorial


8.12. The End of the Tutorial

In this chapter, we learned the core concepts of Python/Tkinter programming and met a handful of simple widget objects along the waye.g., labels, buttons, frames, and the packer geometry manager. We've seen enough to construct simple interfaces, but we have really only scratched the surface of the Tkinter widget set.

In the next two chapters, we will apply what we've learned here to study the rest of the Tkinter library, and we'll learn how to use it to generate the kinds of interfaces you expect to see in realistic GUI programs. As a preview and roadmap, Table 8-1 lists the kinds of widgets we'll meet there in roughly their order of appearance. Note that this table lists only widget classes; along the way, we will also meet a few additional widget-related topics that don't appear in this table.

Table 8-1. Tkinter widget classes

Widget class

Description

Label

A simple message area

Button

A simple labeled push-button widget

Frame

A container for attaching and arranging other widget objects

Toplevel, Tk

A new window managed by the window manager

Message

A multiline label

Entry

A simple single-line text-entry field

Checkbutton

A two-state button widget, typically used for multiple-choice selections

Radiobutton

A two-state button widget, typically used for single-choice selections

Scale

A slider widget with scalable positions

PhotoImage

An image object used for displaying full-color images on other widgets

BitmapImage

An image object used for displaying bitmap images on other widgets

Menu

A set of options associated with a Menubutton or top-level window

Menubutton

A button that opens a Menu of selectable options and submenus

Scrollbar

A control for scrolling other widgets (e.g., listbox, canvas, text)

Listbox

A list of selection names

Text

A multiline text browse/edit widget, with support for fonts, and so on

Canvas

A graphic drawing area, which supports lines, circles, photos, text, and so on


We've already met the Label, Button, and Frame in this chapter's tutorial. To make the remaining topics easier to absorb, they are split over the next two chapters: Chapter 9 covers the first widgets in this table up to but not including Menu, and Chapter 10 presents widgets that are lower in this table.

Besides the widget classes in this table, there are additional classes and tools in the Tkinter library, many of which we'll explore in the following two chapters as well:


Geometry management

pack, grid, place


Tkinter linked variables

StringVar, IntVar, DoubleVar, BooleanVar


Advanced Tk widgets

Spinbox, LabelFrame, PanedWindow


Composite widgets

Dialog, ScrolledText, OptionMenu


Scheduled callbacks

Widget after, wait, and update methods


Other tools

Standard dialogs, clipboard, bind and Event, widget configuration options, custom and modal dialogs, animation techniques

Most Tkinter widgets are familiar user interface devices. Some are remarkably rich in functionality. For instance, the Text class implements a sophisticated multiline text widget that supports fonts, colors, and special effects and is powerful enough to implement a web browser's page display, and the Canvas class provides extensive drawing tools powerful enough for visualization and other image processing applications. Beyond this, Tkinter extensions such as the Pmw and Tix packages described at the start of this chapter add even richer widgets to a GUI programmer's toolbox.




Programming Python
Programming Python
ISBN: 0596009259
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 270
Authors: Mark Lutz

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