.NODE

WSC Programming Topics

For the most part, the Script Component Wizard succeeds in automating the process of creating a script component so that you can focus on the code needed to implement your component's logic, rather than on the code needed to implement basic "plumbing" so that the component can work properly. In a number of areas, however, WSC offers functionality that either requires some additional coding or that extend the functionality of VBScript in significant ways. These include handling events, using interface handlers, taking advantage of resources, and building object models.

9.4.1 Handling Events

VBScript itself provides no native support for firing or handling custom events. Its support for events is limited to the Initialize and Terminate events, which are fired when a new instance of a class defined by the Class...End Class construct is created or destroyed, respectively. (And, in fact, they're not real events: the scripting runtime simply calls the routines if they're present.) Support for any other events must be provided by the environment in which VBScript is running.

In the case of Windows Script Components, WSC requires that an event be declared using the element. Its syntax is:


 

where name defines the name of the event, and dispid is an optional attribute that assigns the event's dispatch ID. Ordinarily, WSC automatically provides a dispatch ID to identify an event. You might want to provide your own dispatch ID to map a custom event to a standard COM event, or to insure that dispatch IDs remain the same across different versions of your component.

Once the event is defined, you can fire it from your code. For this, you use the WSC fireEvent method. Its syntax is:

fireEvent eventName[,...]

where eventName is a string containing the name of the event to be fired. Multiple events can be fired by separating them from one another with a comma. The use of the fireEvent method is illustrated by the boldface line of code in Example 9-3.

Once the event is fired, it must also be handled by the client application using the event definition facilities provided by the client environment. Example 9-3, shown earlier in Section 9.3.2, illustrates how an event is handled in a WSH script. In the code, the ConnectObject method of the WScript object is invoked to indicate that the script should receive event notifications for the math object.

9.4.2 Using an Interface Handler: ASP

The element in a .wsc file allows you to define the interface handlers that are available to your script. The element's syntax is:


 

The element has the following attributes:

type

The name of the interface handler. In scrobj.dll WSC provides an ASP handler for Active Server Pages and a Behavior handler for DHTML. A third handler for COM automation is automatically referenced without an element if the element is encountered in a .wsc file.

id

An optional element that defines the name by which the interface handler will be referenced in code. Since referenced interfaces are in the script's global namespace (that is, they do not have to be referenced through an interface object), id is typically used only to uniquely identify an object or member when there is a naming conflict between multiple interfaces.

assumed

An optional Boolean that determines whether the value of the internalName attribute is assumed in scripts, so that the referenced interface resides in the script's global namespace and does not have to be referenced through an object. By default, its value is true.

Ordinarily, once the interface handler is defined, interface classes and members can be referenced as if they were native to the component. In the case of ASP, for instance, an implements element like:


 

means that the ASP intrinsics are globally accessible to a WSC component. As a result, the number of items in the Contents collection of the Application object, for instance, can be retrieved with the following line of code, which is identical to the code that would be used within an Active Server Page itself:

Dim iCount = Application.Contents.Count
iCount = Application.Contents.Count

Example 9-4 shows a simple ASP component that displays information from the intrinsic ASP Request object. Although most of the code is straightforward, several features are worth noting:

  • Since ASP objects are available in the component's global namespace, they can be accessed without referencing the interface handler. The user agent string in the ServerVariables collection, for instance, could be accessed as:

    ASP.Request.ServerVariables("Http_User_Agent")

    but is instead accessed in Example 9-4 as:

    Request.ServerVariables("Http_User_Agent")
  • WSC supports parameterized properties. For instance, the Value property has a name parameter that contains the key whose value is to be retrieved. Implementing a parameterized property simply requires editing the .wsc file with a text editor to add a element.
  • In addition to scalar values, properties can return arrays, objects, or collections. In Example 9-4, for instance, the Values property returns the ASP Form collection object.

Example 9-4. A simple component for ASP










 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 







Example 9-5 provides the HTML source for a page that requests the ASP page whose listing appears in Example 9-6.

Example 9-5. An HTML page


 

Using an ASP Component

Enter your name:

Example 9-6. An ASP page that uses a Windows Script Component

<%
Dim info
Set info = CreateObject("ASPInfo.WSC")
Response.Write "Your Browser: " & Info.Browser & "
"
Response.Write "Server Name: " & info.ServerName & "
"
Response.Write "Your IP Address: " & info.RemoteAddress & "
"
Response.Write "Your Name: " & Server.HTMLEncode(info.Value("name")) & "
"
%>

9.4.3 Using Resources

Typically, strings are handled by hardcoding their values throughout one or more scripts. This creates a maintenance nightmare when the strings need to be modified or localized. To deal with this problem, WSC offers the element, which allows a value to be associated with a resource identifier. The syntax of the resource element is:

value

resourceID must be a string that uniquely identifies the resource in the component; it is, in other words, a key value. value is the string or number that is associated with the resource identifier.

Example 9-7 illustrates one possible way to use resources. The component has a SayHello method that returns a string in one of four languages. The language name serves as the key or resource ID that provides access to the localized string. The user can then select his native language from a drop-down list box (see the HTML page in Example 9-8). An ASP page (see Example 9-9) instantiates the component, retrieves the user's name and language choice from the Request object's Form collection, and uses the language as the key to look up the localized version of the greeting.

Example 9-7. A component that uses resources








 
 
 


Good day
Dobar dan
Bonjour
Guten tag



Example 9-8. HTML page allowing the user to select a language


 

Using a ResourceEnter your name:

Your native language: EnglishFrenchCroatGerman

Example 9-9. ASP page that uses the Greeting component

<%
Dim greet, lang, name

Set greet = CreateObject("Greeting.WSC")

lang = Request.Form.Item("language")
name = Request.Form.Item("name")
If Not name = "" Then
 Response.Write greet.SayHello(lang) & ", " & name
Else
 Response.Write "You have failed to provide us with your name."
End If
%> 

9.4.4 Building an Object Model

Often when you work with your component, you don't want to instantiate just one object. Instead, you want to instantiate a parent object, which in turn builds a hierarchy of child objects.

To build an object model in this way with Windows Script Component, you can include multiple components in your .wsc file. This requires some modification to the basic .wsc file created by the Script Component Wizard:

  • If multiple components are defined in the same .wsc file, a tag within which all tags are nested must be included.
  • Each tag must include the optional id attribute, which defines the name by which the component is referenced within the .wsc file.

You can then instantiate all but the parent or top-level component by calling the Windows Script Component's createComponent method. Its syntax is:

Set object = createComponent(componentID)

where object is the variable that will contain the object reference, and componentID is the name assigned to the component by the id attribute of the element.

Example 9-10 illustrates the use of the createComponent method to instantiate child components. A parent Workgroup object contains a Users component, which in turn contains zero or more User components. When the workgrp component is instantiated, a users object is also automatically instantiated; it is accessible only through the workgrp object's Users property. When the users object's Add method is called, a user object is added to the array held by the users object.

Example 9-10. A three-component object model








 
 
 
 
 
 











 
 
 
 











 
 
 
 






Part I: The Basics

Introduction

Program Structure

Data Types and Variables

Error Handling and Debugging

VBScript with Active Server Pages

Programming Outlook Forms

Windows Script Host 5.6

VBScript with Internet Explorer

Windows Script Components

Part II: Reference

Part III: Appendixes

Appendix A. Language Elements by Category

Appendix B. VBScript Constants

Appendix C. Operators

Appendix E. The Script Encoder

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Vbscript in a Nutshell
VBScript in a Nutshell, 2nd Edition
ISBN: 0596004885
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2003
Pages: 335
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