1. What are trademarks and service marks?

A trademark is a distinctive word, phrase, logo, graphic symbol or other device that is used to identify the source of a product or service and to distinguish a manufacturer’s or merchant’s products from anyone else’s. Some examples are: Ford cars and trucks, IBM computers and Microsoft software. In the trademark context, “distinctive” means unique enough to reasonably serve as an identifier of a product in the marketplace.

A trademark can be more than just a brand name or logo. It can include other non-functional but distinctive aspects of a product or service that tend to promote and distinguish it in the marketplace, such as shapes, letters, numbers, sounds, smells or colors. Titles, character names or other distinctive features of movies, television and radio programs can also serve as trademarks when used to promote a product.

For all practical purposes, a service mark is the same as a trademark—except that trademarks promote products while service marks promote services. Some familiar service marks include: McDonald’s (fast food service), Kinko’s (photocopying service), ACLU (legal service), Blockbuster (video rental service), CBS’s stylized eye in a circle (television network service), the Olympic Games’ multicolored interlocking circles (international sporting event).

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Related terms: certification mark; collective mark; counterfeit mark; deceptive terms as marks; mark, defined; service mark; trademark, defined.

Patent Copyright & Trademark
Patent, Copyright & Trademark: An Intellectual Property Desk Reference
ISBN: 1413309208
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2003
Pages: 152

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