Site plans fall into two broad categories depending on whether they depict a commercial location or a home. A commercial or architectural site plan might show landscaping, irrigation, driveways, on- and off-street parking, and other traffic management features. A site plan for a home or garden typically includes plants, fences, irrigation lines, swimming pool, sport fields, and so on. In either case, a typical site plan represents a space considerably larger than a floor plan.
You can start a new site plan with the Site Plan template, or start with an existing floor plan to combine interior and exterior views. Figure 18-27 shows a simple site plan.
Figure 18-27. This simple site plan includes parking spaces and landscaping.
In general, you start a site plan by measuring the property and noting the distance between landmarks. If you have the legal description of the property, you can use that to determine the property's dimensions. In Visio, you use these measurements to add buildings and other structures to the site plan. If you're working with an existing floor plan, the main building already exists. If you only want to represent a shell of the floor plan, drag exterior wall shapes from the Walls, Shell And Structure stencil to draw the structures. To open this stencil, choose File, Stencils, Building Plan, Walls, Shells And Structure.
To start a new site plan, follow these steps:
Visio opens a new, scaled drawing page where 1 inch = 10 feet. The page size is the ANSI standard 36 inches by 24 inches.
For details about setting up page size and drawing scale, see "Setting Up Measurements in a Diagram."
If you used Visio Technical 2000 Edition, you might be familiar with the Property Line tool, which you could use to create a shape based on the legal description of a piece of real estate. You won't find the Property Line tool in this version of Visio Professional. Microsoft chose not to continue to support it as part of the product; however, they plan to include it as a downloadable add-in that you can obtain from their Web site. It wasn't yet available when this book was being written, but check out http://msdn.microsoft.com/visio to find out whether the Visual Basic samples include this macro.
The Planting stencil includes shapes for plants and a unique annotation shape, Plant Callout, that you can use to label plants. Other landscaping features, such as fences, trash cans, and stone paths are on the Garden Accessories and Site Accessories stencils. Irrigation equipment shapes are, appropriately enough, on the Irrigation stencil.
Follow these steps to add landscaping elements to a site plan:
Using shapes on the Parking And Roads stencil, you can identify driveways leading to the property, as well as parking lots, sidewalk ramps, and roadway islands. Footpath shapes and an additional driveway shape are on the Garden Accessories stencil. You can also use shapes from the Vehicles stencil to ensure you have enough space in your parking lot or garage for vehicles of different sizes. The Vehicles stencil includes shapes to show the turnaround space for buses, semi-trailers, and trucks.
To add roads and parking stalls, follow these steps:
The Sport Fields And Recreation Equipment stencil includes shapes for swimming pools, children's playground equipment, baseball diamonds, and other specialized sports fields. Fencing and footpath shapes are on the Garden Accessories stencil; outdoor furniture, bike racks, and barbecue shapes are on the Site Accessories stencil.