B.8. File Compression and Storage

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B.7. Working with Files and Directories

Use the following tools to compare, copy, and examine files:


cat

Concatenates and displays files.


cd

Changes directory.


chflags

Changes file flags.


chmod

Changes access modes on files.


cmp

Compares two files, byte-by-byte.


comm

Compares two sorted files.


cp

Copies files.


diff

Compares two files, line-by-line.


diff3

Compares three files.


file

Determines a file's type.


head

Shows the first few lines of a file.


less

Serves as an enhanced alternative to more.


ln

Creates symbolic or hard links.

Symbolic and hard links are not the same as Carbon aliases that you create in the Finder (File Make Alias, or -L). Unix programs cannot follow Carbon aliases, but all Mac OS X applications (Carbon, Cocoa, Classic, and Unix) can follow symbolic or hard links.



ls

Lists files or directories.


mkdir

Makes a new directory.


more

Displays files one screen at a time.


mv

Moves or renames files or directories.


patch

Merges a set of changes into a file.


pwd

Prints the working directory.


rcp

Insecurely copies a file to or from a remote machine. Use scp instead.


rm

Removes files.


rmdir

Removes directories.


scp

Secures alternative to rcp.


sdiff

Compares two files, side-by-side and line-by-line.


split

Splits files evenly.


tail

Shows the last few lines of a file.


vis

Displays nonprinting characters in a readable form.


unvis

Restores the output of vis to its original form.


wc

Counts lines, words, and characters.


zcmp

Compares two compressed files, byte-by-byte.


zdiff

Compare two compressed files, line-by-line.

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    Mac OS X Tiger for Unix Geeks
    Mac OS X Tiger for Unix Geeks
    ISBN: 0596009127
    EAN: 2147483647
    Year: 2006
    Pages: 176

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