• The information-gathering steps of footprinting and scanning are of utmost importance. Good information gathering can make the difference between a successful pen test and one that has failed to provide maximum benefit to the client.
  • The wayback machine located at can be used to browse archived web pages dating back to 1996. It's a useful tool for looking for information no longer on a site.
  • One method to reduce the information leakage from job postings is to reduce the system specific information in the job post or to use a company confidential job posting.

    Table FF.1. DNS Records and Types

    Record Name

    Record Type




    Maps a domain name to an IP address



    Maps an IP address to a domain name

    Name Server


    Configures settings for zone transfers and record caching

    Start of Authority


    Configures settings for zone transfers and record caching

    Service Locator


    Used to locate services in the network



    Used to identify SMTP servers

  • A zone transfer is unlike a normal lookup in that the user is attempting to retrieve a copy of the entire zone file for a domain from a DNS server.
  • Traceroute is a utility that is used to determine the path to a target computer.


Certified Ethical Hacker Exam Prep
Certified Ethical Hacker Exam Prep
ISBN: 0789735318
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2007
Pages: 247
Authors: Michael Gregg
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