Examples: PWENCODE Procedure

Example 1: Encoding a Password

Procedure features: IN= argument

This example shows a simple case of encoding a password and writing the encoded password to the SAS log.


Encode the password.

 proc pwencode in='my password';  run; 


Listing 40.1
start example
 6   proc pwencode in='my password';  7   run;  {sas001}bXkgcGFzc3dvcmQ=  NOTE: PROCEDURE PWENCODE used (Total process time):        real time           0.31 seconds        cpu time            0.08 seconds 
end example

Example 2: Using an Encoded Password in a SAS Program

Procedure features:

  • IN= argument

  • OUT= option

This example

  • encodes a password and saves it to an external file

  • reads the encoded password with a DATA step, stores it in a macro variable, and uses it in a SAS/ACCESS LIBNAME statement.

Program 1: Encoding the Password

Declare a fileref.

 filename pwfile '  external-filename  ' 

Encode the password and write it to the external file. The OUT= option specifies which external fileref the encoded password will be written to.

 proc pwencode in='mypass1' out=pwfile;  run; 

Program 2: Using the Encoded Password

Declare a fileref for the encoded-password file.

 filename pwfile '  external-filename  '; 

Set the SYMBOLGEN SAS system option. The purpose of this step is to show that the actual password cannot be revealed, even when the macro variable that contains the encoded password is resolved in the SAS log. This step is not required in order for the program to work properly. For more information about the SYMBOLGEN SAS system option, see SAS Macro Language: Reference .

 options symbolgen; 

Read the file and store the encoded password in a macro variable. The DATA step stores the encoded password in the macro variable DBPASS. For details about the INFILE and INPUT statements, the $VARYING. informat, and the CALL SYMPUT routine, see SAS Language Reference: Dictionary .

 data _null_;     infile pwfile obs=1 length=l;     input @;     input @1 line $varying1024. l;     call symput('dbpass',substr(line,1,l));  run; 

Use the encoded password to access a DBMS. You must use double quotation marks ( ) so that the macro variable resolves properly.

 libname x odbc dsn=SQLServer user=testuser password="&dbpass"; 


 28   data _null_;  29      infile pwfile obs=1 length=l;  30      input @;  31      input @1 line $varying1024. l;  32      call symput('dbpass',substr(line,1,l));  33   run;  NOTE: The infile PWFILE is:        File Name=  external-filename  ,        RECFM=V,LRECL=256  NOTE: 1 record was read from the infile PWFILE.        The minimum record length was 20.        The maximum record length was 20.  NOTE: DATA statement used (Total process time):        real time           3.94 seconds        cpu time            0.03 seconds  34    libname x odbc  SYMBOLGEN:  Macro variable DBPASS resolves to {sas001}bXlwYXNzMQ==  34 !                dsn=SQLServer user=testuser password="&dbpass";  NOTE: Libref X was successfully assigned as follows:        Engine:        ODBC        Physical Name: SQLServer 

Example 3: Saving an Encoded Password to the Paste Buffer

Procedure features:

  • IN= argument

  • OUT= option

Other features:

  • FILENAME statement with CLIPBRD access method

This example saves an encoded password to the paste buffer. You can then paste the encoded password into another SAS program or into the password field of an authentication dialog box.


Declare a fileref with the CLIPBRD access method. For more information about the FILENAME statement with the CLIPBRD accedd method, see SAS Language Reference: Dictionary .

 filename clip clipbrd; 

Encode the password and save it to the paste buffer. The OUT= option saves the encoded password to the fileref that was declared in the previous statement.

 proc pwencode in='my password' out=clip;  run; 

Base SAS 9.1.3 Procedures Guide (Vol. 1)
Base SAS 9.1 Procedures Guide, Volumes 1, 2, 3 and 4
ISBN: 1590472047
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 260

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