Defining the Resource Pool

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When you first begin working with Microsoft Project, you will probably define a separate resource pool in each project file. If you have multiple projects that use the same resources, however, you will soon want to define a resource pool that can be shared by all your projects. When you use a shared resource pool, Project can show you the total demands being made on the shared resources from all projects sharing that pool.

To learn more about working with resources across multiple overlapping projects, see "Sharing Resources Among Projects," p. 621 .


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Some users create a project template that contains no tasks but that defines a standard set of resources. When a new project file is started, the project is created from a copy of this template, which then provides an established resource list for their projects.


You can create a resource pool at any time, before or after you define the tasks. You can also add resources to the pool on-the-fly , by assigning new resources to tasks. By default, Project automatically adds new names to the resource pool.

NOTE

See the section "Setting the Automatically Add New Resources and Tasks Option," later in this chapter, for information about using or not using Project's default resource creation setting.


You can type the resource pool information into Project, or you can import resource names from another application. You can include resources from a spreadsheet, database, Project Server, company address book, or even from the company directory.

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If you try to copy a list of resources from another application and paste it into Project, you might encounter some unexpected results. See "Pasting a Resource List from Another Application" in the "Troubleshooting" section near the end of this chapter for instructions on doing it successfully.


If you use Microsoft Office Project 2003 Professional, you can use the Build Team tool to select the resources for a project. For more information, see "Using the Project Center Build Team," p. 1036 .


You can use several different views and view combinations to create a resource list. The following sections briefly introduce the views and tools you are most likely to use, without pausing to provide a full explanation of the many fields that are available. The following sections use those views to show you how to best use the individual fields.

Using the Resource Sheet View

The Resource Sheet view is perhaps the most effective view you can use for manually entering basic resource information. The Resource Sheet enables you to see many resources on the screen at once, and it also shows you a number of important fields for each resource (see Figure 8.4). Indicators notify when there is critical information in other fields. To display the Resource Sheet view, choose View, Resource Sheet.

Figure 8.4. The Resource Sheet view is the most efficient view for entering the resource pool.

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Although it might not be obvious, the resources defined within the Resource Sheet view create the resource pool. This pool details what resources are available to the specific project you are working on or to all the projects in the case of a shared-resource pool solution. The resource pool does not specifically define which resources are assigned to tasks, but rather which ones are available to be assigned.


If your video resolution is 800x600 pixels or less, you will not be able to see all the columns of the Resource Sheet without scrolling to the right. Use the Window, Split command to display the Resource Form view in the bottom pane (see Figure 8.5), and you see all the fields for the resource that is selected in the top pane.

Figure 8.5. With the Resource Form view in the bottom pane, you can see the Notes field and other fields that are off the screen in the top pane.

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You can also use the Resource Form view to display and edit the Notes field. To display the notes in the form, activate the Resource Form view, choose Format, Details, and select Notes. Figure 8.5 shows the Notes field in the details section of the Resource Form view.

To add a resource in the Resource Sheet view, select an empty cell in the Resource Name column and type in a descriptive name for the resource. Project automatically supplies default values for a number of fields to the right. Replace the default values or fill in the blanks for the rest of the fields, using the definitions and instructions in the "Using the Resource Fields" section, later in this chapter.

Using the Resource Information Dialog Box

Several important resource fields are not available on the Resource Sheet view or the Resource Form view. The Resource Information dialog box, on the other hand, contains almost all the important resource definition fields (see Figure 8.6). The additional fields on the Resource Information dialog box supply information such as the following:

  • When the resource is normally available for work (General tab)

  • When the normal working times are changed for vacations or other exceptions (Working Time tab)

  • Alternative cost rates to use for different types of work (Costs tab)

  • When different cost rates for the resource will become effective (Costs tab)

  • How to provide electronic communication with the resource (General tab and Details button)

  • Notes about the resource (Notes tab)

  • Custom fields defined for the resource such as department, division, skills, and so on

Figure 8.6. The Resource Information dialog box contains all the important resource definition fields on five tabs.

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You can use the Resource Information dialog box with the Resource Sheet to complete the definition of the resource. Enter at least the resource name on the Resource Sheet. Then use the Resource Information button on the Standard toolbar (or double-click the resource name) to display the Resource Information dialog box for that resource. Fill in the rest of the fields, and then click OK to return to the Resource Sheet view.

Using the Assign Resources Dialog Box

If you are using a task view such as the Gantt Chart view, you can add names to the resource list by using the Assign Resources dialog box (see Figure 8.7), without switching to the Resource Sheet view. You can also open the Resource Information dialog box from within the Assign Resources dialog box to modify the rest of the resource fields. To display the dialog box, click the Assign Resources tool on the Standard toolbar. There are additional options on the dialog box that you can see if you click the Resource List Options button.

Figure 8.7. The Assign Resources dialog box lets you view and modify the list of resources and can also be used to jump to the Resource Information dialog box.

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TIP

The Assign Resources dialog box can be left open on the workspace as you switch between it and an underlying view. You can open the Assign Resources dialog box only when the active underlying view is a task view. After it is open, however, you can use it to create resource names, no matter what the underlying view.


To add resource names with the Assign Resources dialog box, select a blank cell in the Name column and type the name. The name then appears in the cell and also in the entry box at the top of the dialog box as you type. Press Enter once, or click the green check mark next to the entry box to add that name to the resource pool.

CAUTION

Be careful if you are creating the resource name and don't intend to assign it to the task that is selected in the underlying view. When you press Enter after typing the name, the Assign button becomes activated, and pressing Enter again would assign the resource to the currently selected task.


Alternatively, if you click the Resource List Options button to display more options, you can use the Add Resources button to copy existing names from various sources. Click Add Resources and choose the following:

  • Choose From Active Directory to select names from Microsoft Active Directory.

  • Choose From Address Book to select names from your Outlook address book or from Exchange Server.

  • If you are using Microsoft Project Professional, choose From Microsoft Project Server to open the Build Team dialog box to select resources from the Global resource pool.

See "Enterprise Resource Management," p. 1069 , for details about the Global resource pool.


If you draw names from an address book or from Project Server, Project automatically knows how to contact the resource to communicate details about assignments and to request updates on progress. For example, Figure 8.8 shows the user 's email address book being used to select contact names to add to the resource list.

Figure 8.8. You can use your email address book to import names and email addresses into Project as resources.

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However you add names to the resource list, you can double-click the name in the Assign Resources dialog box to view the Resource Information dialog box for that resource and fill in additional resource definition fields.

Using the Task Form View

The Gantt Chart view with the Task Form view in the bottom pane is one of the popular views for assigning resources. You can also add resources to the resource pool in that view, by using the resource details in the lower pane. To add resources in the Task Form view, follow these steps:

  1. Display the Gantt Chart view and then choose Window, Split to display the Task Form view in the lower pane.

  2. If the resource details are not displayed in the Task Form view, click anywhere in the lower pane to activate it and then choose Format, Details from the menu and select Resources and Predecessors (see Figure 8.9).

    Figure 8.9. You can use the Resource Name column to enter a new resource name and to assign it to a task at the same time.

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  3. Select a task in the top pane.

  4. Click in the Resource Name column in the Task Form view, where you can select an existing resource to assign to the task or you can type in the name of a new resource to assign. In Figure 8.9, Jenny Benson is being typed in as an addition to the resource pool. If you type in a new name and click the OK button, Project adds the resource to the resource pool and supplies default values for the assignment Units and Work if you didn't. Chapter 10, "Assigning Resources and Costs to Tasks," discusses how to use the Units and Work fields.

  5. Double-click the resource name to display the Resource Information dialog box, where you can fill in the rest of the fields that define the resource.

For a full discussion of the assignment fields, see "Understanding the Resource Assignment Fields," p. 324 .


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Special Edition Using Microsoft Office Project 2003
Special Edition Using Microsoft Office Project 2003
ISBN: 0789730723
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 283
Authors: Tim Pyron

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