You will not do this in a day. If you are expecting to code until 1 minute before your deadline and then simply point and click and have an instant server then you need to take some kind of medication because you are violently hallucinating. You will need at least a week of 8 hours days to make sure your first deployment works and to have the time to do it right.
Yes, that's right, 40 hours minimum. If you have no Unix system administration experience and no network administration experience then hire someone on a consulting basis and expect them to still take this long. Why would an expert take as long as a beginner? Because they don't know the particular brand of dumbass at your company. Harsh, but it's true. If they're good, they might do it in 20 hours, and if you're good, then an expert can do it in three. If you've done your first deployment in less than that, then you must be forgetting all the time you spent fixing it later.
Because of the wildly differing nature of all the various operating systems possible, we have to gloss over the actual installation of software. We will list any gotchas we or our reviewers found for the various systems, but it's up to you to use your system's package installation method.
5.1.1. Required System Access
This is important enough to merit its own subsection. If you do not have sudo or root access to all of these machines, then don't bother continuing. It is possible to install everything to an unprivileged directory, but that is a major piece of work and isn't worth the trouble.
5.1.2. Best Practices Rubric
A best practice is most easily defined as "Whatever is working consistently for everyone else." Your first production deployment is not the time to become clever. What you want to do is adopt some common best practices, but since this short cut doesn't have the space to tell you what those are, we'll give you a little rubric to see if you're ready.
For each question you answer with "NO," add 10 hours to your time estimate for completion. This may seem unrealistic, since saying "NO" to everything means it'll take 190 hours (about one month), but this estimate is actually low according to most first deployment experiences. What we've found is that without all these things in place, you end up doing a poor deployment and spend the next month fixing it up.
If you're just starting out and can't answer these questions properly, then consider these as instructions for what you need to do for a good development and staging setup. Go through the pains of getting to "YES" for each of these questions in your staging setup and then do your production deployment.
5.1.3. Worst Practices
Programmers recently had a major shift in their quality focus with the introduction of best practices from the Agile methodologies and the Capability Maturity Model. These days if you aren't doing continuous integration, writing solid unit tests, performing personal process improvement, frequently communicating with your team, and automating everything, then you are easily labeled an amateur developer.
Nothing like this has happened for system administrators. I'm not quite sure how this half of the IT industry gets away with it, but my experience has been that system administrators are far behind in their quality practices compared to developers. They frequently do things by hand, never measure the quality of their systems, are constantly making unilateral changes that impact the company, and frequently make policy decisions in the name of "security." Usually these "security" policies only make their unautomated job easier rather than actually improve security.
Sure, developers screw up too, but today developers who haven't adopted many quality practices are ridiculed and laughed at by their peers. Nobody questions why a developer can build, test, deploy, and validate an entire product with one script, yet a system administrator has to spend two hours typing to do simple things like change passwords.
If you're a system administrator, the best advice I can give is "Automate or die." I firmly believe that 99% of what system administrators do can be automated since I've done just that everywhere I've worked. Watch out because there's money in wiping you out with automation. It just takes one good book written by the Kent Beck of system administration and you're out of a job.
If you're a system administrator and you're offended by this, then answer this question: "Could you not run ssh for a week?" No, I don't mean write a script named "flabber" that just runs ssh. I mean is your administration automated to the point that you don't need to ssh manually into your machines for weeks on end? If you log in hourly or even daily, then you are part of the problem. You have no right to be offended.
The following list of "worst practices" is for both developers and system administrators, but it's more for system administrators since they'll be doing the deployments. I've done all of these at some point, but I don't do them anymore.
If you do any of this, then stop now. You are not helping, and it's just going to add even more problems in the future. I would say if you do any of the above practices, add another 10 hours for each practice.