# Recipe 8.20. Iterating Through a Collection

#### Problem

You want to process all the items in a collection one at a time.

#### Solution

Sample code folder: Chapter 08\Collections

Use a For Each loop, or use the collection's Count property in a For…Next loop.

#### Discussion

The For Each loop is the recommended way to process items in a collection because you don't need an index variable, you don't have to access the Count property of the collection, and each item in the collection is automatically retrieved (i.e., you don't have to explicitly access each indexed item).

The following code shows both a For…Next loop and a For Each loop used to access the same collection. Each loop creates a single line of the output display, showing the contents of each item in the collection:

` Dim result As New System.Text.StringBuilder Dim numberCollection As New Collection ' ----- Start with a basic collection. numberCollection.Add(14, "C") numberCollection.Add(25, "D") numberCollection.Add(36, "E") numberCollection.Add(47, "A") numberCollection.Add(58, "B") ' ----- Scan the collection with a loop counter. '       Collections are base-1, not base-0. For counter As Integer = 1 To numberCollection.Count     result.Append(numberCollection(counter))     result.Append(",") Next counter ' ----- Remove the ending comma. result.Length -= 1 result.AppendLine( ) ' ----- Scan the collection by item. For Each number As Integer In numberCollection     result.Append(number)     result.Append(",") Next number ' ----- Remove the ending comma. result.Length -= 1 result.AppendLine( ) ' ----- Retrieve items by key. result.Append(numberCollection("A")).Append(",") result.Append(numberCollection("B")).Append(",") result.Append(numberCollection("C")).Append(",") result.Append(numberCollection("D")).Append(",") result.Append(numberCollection("E")) ' ----- Display the results. MsgBox(result.ToString( )) `

The third line of the output is the same collection accessed in the order of the item keys, instead of the default order, which is based on the item positions in the collection. Figure 8-20 shows the collection's items as accessed in each of these three ways.

##### Figure 8-20. Items in a collection can be accessed with For Next or For Each loops or by the item keys

Recipes 8.17, 8.18, through 8.19 show other features of collections.

Visual Basic 2005 Cookbook: Solutions for VB 2005 Programmers (Cookbooks (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596101775
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 400

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