Creating the Jobs XML Web Service


One effective way of driving traffic to your Web site is by creating an affiliate program. For example, Amazon has an affiliate program for books. You can list books on your Web site that link back to the Amazon.com Web site. Every time a person buys a book after linking to Amazon through your Web site, you get a small commission.

In this section, you'll build the infrastructure to create an affiliate program for the ASP.NET job site. To do this, you must create an XML Web Service and two custom controls. The custom controls work with the XML Web Service to display the most recent jobs and resumes listed at the job site. These controls can be distributed to affiliate Web sites to display current job and resume listings.

The ASP.NET job site exposes an XML Web Service called the JobService . This Web Service has two methods : GetNewJobs and GetNewResumes . The GetNewJobs method returns a DataSet that represents the most recent 50 jobs listed and the GetNewResumes method returns a DataSet that represents the most recent 50 resumes listed.

NOTE

To learn more about XML Web Services see Part VI, "Building ASP.NET Web Services."


The complete code for the XML Web Service is contained in Listing 30.9.

Listing 30.9 Site\Services\JobService.asmx
 <%@ WebService Language="vb" Class="myServices.JobService" %> Imports System Imports System.Web.Services Imports System.Data Imports System.Data.SqlClient Imports System.Configuration Namespace myServices <WebService(Namespace:="http://yourdomain.com/webservices/")> _ Public Class JobService Inherits WebService <WebMethod()> Function GetNewJobs() As DataSet   Dim strConString As String   Dim conJobs As SqlConnection   Dim dadJobs As SqlDataAdapter   Dim dstJobs As DataSet   dstJobs = Context.Cache( "NewJobs" )   If dstJobs Is Nothing Then     ' Ready Database Connection     strConString = ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings( "constring" )     conJobs = New SqlConnection( strConString )     dstJobs = New DataSet()     ' Get Newest 50 Jobs From Database     dadJobs = New SqlDataAdapter( "getNewJobs", conJobs )     dadJobs.SelectCommand.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure     dadJobs.Fill( dstJobs, "NewJobs" )     Context.Cache( "NewJobs" ) = dstJobs   End If   Return dstJobs End Function <WebMethod()> Function GetNewResumes() As DataSet   Dim strConString As String   Dim conJobs As SqlConnection   Dim dadResumes As SqlDataAdapter   Dim dstResumes As DataSet   dstResumes = Context.Cache( "NewResumes" )   If dstResumes Is Nothing Then     ' Ready Database Connection     strConString = ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings( "constring" )     conJobs = New SqlConnection( strConString )     dstResumes = New DataSet()     ' Get Newest 50 Resumes From Database     dadResumes = New SqlDataAdapter( "getNewResumes", conJobs )     dadResumes.SelectCommand.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure     dadResumes.Fill( dstResumes, "NewResumes" )     Context.Cache( "NewResumes" ) = dstResumes   End If   Return dstResumes End Function End Class End Namespace 

The C# version of this code can be found on the CD-ROM.

To access the XML Web Service in Listing 30.9, you can enter the following URL in the Address Bar of your Web browser:

http://localhost/aspnetjobs/site/services/jobservice.asmx

Included with the job site are two custom controls, named NewJobs and NewResumes , which interact with the XML Web Service to display a list of new jobs and resumes. The custom controls are located in an assembly named NewListings.dll , which can be found in the /bin directory of the job site.

You can distribute these controls to other affiliate Web sites. The affiliate Web sites can use these controls in their ASP.NET pages to display links to jobs at your Web site (see Figure 30.7). Because the controls retrieve the list of new jobs and resumes from an XML Web Service, the list of jobs and resumes displayed by the controls is always current.

Figure 30.7. The NewJobs and NewResumes controls.

graphics/30fig07.jpg

The complete code for the NewJobs and NewResumes controls is contained in Listing 30.10. (This file can be found in the aspnetjobs\site\services subdirectory of the job site.)

Listing 30.10 NewListings.vb
 Imports myControls Imports System Imports System.Web Imports System.Web.UI Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls Imports System.Web.Services Imports System.Data Namespace myControls Public Class NewJobs: Inherits WebControl   Const aspnetjobsUrl = "http://localhost/aspnetjobs/"   Public PageSize AS Integer = 5   Protected Overrides Sub CreateChildControls     Dim dgrdNewJobs As DataGrid     Dim objBoundColumn As BoundColumn     Dim objHyperLinkColumn As HyperLinkColumn     ' Build DataGrid     dgrdNewJobs = New DataGrid     dgrdNewJobs.ID = "NewJobsGrid"     dgrdNewJobs.AllowPaging = True     dgrdNewJobs.PageSize = PageSize     dgrdNewJobs.PagerStyle.Visible = False     dgrdNewJobs.Cellpadding = 4     dgrdNewJobs.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.Solid     dgrdNewJobs.AutoGenerateColumns = False     dgrdNewJobs.ShowHeader = False     dgrdNewJobs.GridLines = GridLines.None     ' Add Date Column     objBoundColumn = New BoundColumn()     objBoundColumn.DataField = "job_entrydate"     objBoundColumn.DataFormatString = "{0:m}"     dgrdNewJobs.Columns.Add( objBoundColumn )     ' Add HyperLink Column     objHyperLinkColumn = New HyperlinkColumn     objHyperLinkColumn.DataTextField = "job_briefdesc"     objHyperLinkColumn.DataNavigateUrlField = "job_id"     objHyperLinkColumn.DataNavigateUrlFormatString = _       aspnetjobsUrl & "site/job.aspx?id={0}"     dgrdNewJobs.Columns.Add( objHyperLinkColumn )     ' Bind DataGrid     dgrdNewJobs.Datasource = GetNewJobs()     dgrdNewJobs.Databind()     ' Add Child Controls     Controls.Add( New LiteralControl( "<b>New Jobs!<b>" ) )     Controls.Add( dgrdNewJobs )   End Sub   Private Function GetNewJobs() As DataSet     Dim dstJobs As DataSet     Dim objJobService As JobService     dstJobs = Context.Cache( "JobService_NewJobs" )     If dstJobs Is Nothing Then       objJobService = New JobService       dstJobs = objJobService.GetNewJobs()       Context.Cache.Insert( _         "JobService_NewJobs", _         dstJobs, _         Nothing, _         DateTime.Now.AddMinutes( 15 ), _         Timespan.Zero )     End If     Return dstJobs   End Function End Class Public Class NewResumes : Inherits WebControl   Const aspnetjobsUrl = "http://localhost/aspnetjobs/"   Public PageSize AS Integer = 5   Protected Overrides Sub CreateChildControls     Dim dgrdNewResumes As DataGrid     Dim objBoundColumn As BoundColumn     Dim objHyperLinkColumn As HyperLinkColumn     ' Build DataGrid     dgrdNewResumes = New DataGrid     dgrdNewResumes.ID = "NewResumesGrid"     dgrdNewResumes.AllowPaging = True     dgrdNewResumes.PageSize = PageSize     dgrdNewResumes.PagerStyle.Visible = False     dgrdNewResumes.Cellpadding = 4     dgrdNewResumes.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.Solid     dgrdNewResumes.AutoGenerateColumns = False     dgrdNewResumes.ShowHeader = False     dgrdNewResumes.GridLines = GridLines.None     ' Add Date Column     objBoundColumn = New BoundColumn()     objBoundColumn.DataField = "ul_entrydate"     objBoundColumn.DataFormatString = "{0:m}"     dgrdNewResumes.Columns.Add( objBoundColumn )     ' Add HyperLink Column     objHyperLinkColumn = New HyperlinkColumn     objHyperLinkColumn.DataTextField = "ul_briefdesc"     objHyperLinkColumn.DataNavigateUrlField = "ul_username"     objHyperLinkColumn.DataNavigateUrlFormatString = _       aspnetjobsurl & "{0}.aspx"     dgrdNewResumes.Columns.Add( objHyperLinkColumn )     ' Bind DataGrid     dgrdNewResumes.Datasource = GetNewResumes()     dgrdNewResumes.Databind()     ' Add Child Controls     Controls.Add( New LiteralControl( "<b>New Resumes!<b>" ) )     Controls.Add( dgrdNewResumes )   End Sub   Private Function GetNewResumes() As DataSet     Dim dstResumes As DataSet     Dim objJobService As JobService     dstResumes = Context.Cache( "JobService_NewResumes" )     If dstResumes Is Nothing Then       objJobService = New JobService       dstResumes = objJobService.GetNewResumes()       Context.Cache.Insert( _         "JobService_NewResumes", _         dstResumes, _         Nothing, _         DateTime.Now.AddMinutes( 15 ), _         Timespan.Zero )     End If     Return dstResumes   End Function End Class End Namespace 

The C# version of this code can be found on the CD-ROM.

Both the NewJobs and NewListings controls inherit from the WebControl class. The NewJobs control contains one subroutine and one function. The subroutine overrides the CreateChildControls method of the base control class. This subroutine is used to add a DataGrid control to the custom control. The DataGrid control is bound to the DataSet returned by the GetNewJobs function.

The GetNewJobs function uses the JobService Web Service to retrieve a DataSet . Notice that the NewJobs control caches the DataSet in the Cache object to improve performance. The control retrieves a new list of jobs from the JobService Web Service every 15 minutes.

When the jobs listings are displayed by the NewJobs control, each listing contains a link back to the ASP.NET job site. The NewJobs control contains a property, named PageSize , which determines how many job listings are displayed by the control.

CAUTION

Before you compile the NewListings control, you must modify the aspnetjobsUrl constants that appear at the top of both the NewJobs and NewResumes classes. These constants specify the location of the ASP.NET job site.


The NewResumes control is similar to the NewJobs control. It also overrides the CreateChildControls subroutine to display a DataGrid . The NewResumes control uses the GetNewResumes function to retrieve a list of new resumes from the JobService Web Service every 15 minutes.

Both the NewJobs and NewResumes controls depend on a proxy class for the JobService Web Service. Before you can compile the source code for the controls, you must first create a proxy class for the JobService Web Service.

To create and compile the proper proxy class, you can execute the MakeJobServiceProxy.bat batch file contained in Listing 30.11.

CAUTION

Before you compile the JobService proxy class, modify the MakeJobServiceProxy.bat file to point to the location of the JobService Web Service on your server. You'll need to replace the phrase "localhost" with the proper domain name for your Web site.


Listing 30.11 Site\Services\MakeJobServiceProxy.bat
[View full width]
 Wsdl.exe /l:VB /n:myControls http://  localhost  /aspnetjobs/site/services/jobservice.asmx?wsdl vbc /t:library /r:System.dll,System.Web.Services.dll,System.data.dll,System.XML.dll graphics/ccc.gif Jobservice.vb copy JobService.dll ..\..\bin pause 

The C# version of this code can be found on the CD-ROM.

The batch file in Listing 30.11 creates a compiled class named JobService.dll . After the JobService.dll proxy class is created, it is copied to the /bin directory of your application.

After you create the proxy class, you can compile the NewJobs and NewResumes custom controls contained in Listing 30.10. Execute the batch file in Listing 30.12 to compile these controls.

Listing 30.12 Site\Services\MakeNewListings.bat
[View full width]
 vbc /t:library /r:System.dll,System.Web.dll,System.Web.Services.dll,System.Xml.dll,System graphics/ccc.gif .Data.dll,Jobservice.dll NewListings.vb copy NewListings.dll ..\..\bin pause 

The C# version of this code can be found on the CD-ROM.

After you compile the NewJobs and NewResumes controls, you can distribute the controls to any site on the Internet. An affiliate Web site simply needs to copy the NewListings.dll file into its application /bin directory. The page in Listing 30.13 illustrates how you can use these controls in an ASP.NET page located at another Web site.

Listing 30.13 Site\Services\Affiliate.aspx
 <%@ Register TagPrefix="myControls" Namespace="myControls"   Assembly="NewListings" %> <html> <head><title>Affiliate.aspx</title></head> <body> <myControls:NewJobs   PageSize="10"   Runat="Server" /> <p> <myControls:NewResumes   PageSize="10"   Runat="Server" /> </body> </html> 

The C# version of this code can be found on the CD-ROM.

The page in Listing 30.13 contains a Register page directive to register the NewListings custom controls for the current page. After the controls are registered, they can be used exactly like any of the standard ASP.NET controls. In Listing 30.13, the PageSize property of both the NewJobs and NewResumes controls are set to display a maximum of 10 listings.



ASP.NET Unleashed
ASP.NET 4 Unleashed
ISBN: 0672331128
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2003
Pages: 263

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