Error Management

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A good place to start with any project design is the error management facility. In Sic I will use a simple group of functions to display simple error messages. Here is `sic/error.h' :

 #ifndef SIC_ERROR_H #define SIC_ERROR_H 1 #include <sic/common.h> BEGIN_C_DECLS extern const char *program_name; extern void set_program_name (const char *argv0); extern void sic_warning      (const char *message); extern void sic_error        (const char *message); extern void sic_fatal        (const char *message); END_C_DECLS #endif /* !SIC_ERROR_H */ 

This header file follows the principles set out in 9.1.2 C Header Files.

I am storing the program_name variable in the library that uses it, so that I can be sure that the library will build on architectures that don't allow undefined symbols in libraries(12).

Keeping those preprocessor macro definitions designed to aid code portability together (in a single file), is a good way to maintain the readability of the rest of the code. For this project I will put that code in `common.h' :

 #ifndef SIC_COMMON_H #define SIC_COMMON_H 1 #if HAVE_CONFIG_H #  include <sic/config.h> #endif #include <stdio.h> #include <sys/types.h> #if STDC_HEADERS #  include <stdlib.h> #  include <string.h> #elif HAVE_STRINGS_H #  include <strings.h> #endif /*STDC_HEADERS*/ #if HAVE_UNISTD_H #  include <unistd.h> #endif #if HAVE_ERRNO_H #  include <errno.h> #endif /*HAVE_ERRNO_H*/ #ifndef errno /* Some systems #define this! */ extern int errno; #endif #endif /* !SIC_COMMON_H */ 

You may recognise some snippets of code from the Autoconf manual here--- in particular the inclusion of the project `config.h' , which will be generated shortly. Notice that I have been careful to conditionally include any headers which are not guaranteed to exist on every architecture. The rule of thumb here is that only `stdio.h' is ubiquitous (though I have never heard of a machine that has no `sys/types.h' ). You can find more details of some of these in section `Existing Tests' in The GNU Autoconf Manual .

Here is a little more code from `common.h' :

 #ifndef EXIT_SUCCESS #  define EXIT_SUCCESS  0 #  define EXIT_FAILURE  1 #endif 

The implementation of the error handling functions goes in `error.c' and is very straightforward:

 #if HAVE_CONFIG_H #  include <sic/config.h> #endif #include "common.h" #include "error.h" static void error (int exit_status, const char *mode,                     const char *message); static void error (int exit_status, const char *mode, const char *message) {   fprintf (stderr, "%s: %s: %s.\n", program_name, mode, message);   if (exit_status >= 0)     exit (exit_status); } void sic_warning (const char *message) {   error (-1, "warning", message); } void sic_error (const char *message) {   error (-1, "ERROR", message); } void sic_fatal (const char *message) {   error (EXIT_FAILURE, "FATAL", message); } 

I also need a definition of program_name ; set_program_name copies the filename component of path into the exported data, program_name . The xstrdup function just calls strdup , but abort s if there is not enough memory to make the copy:

 const char *program_name = NULL; void set_program_name (const char *path) {   if (!program_name)     program_name = xstrdup (basename (path)); } 

This document was generated by Gary V. Vaughan on May, 24 2001 using texi2html

GNU Autoconf, Automake and Libtool
GNU Autoconf, Automake, and Libtool
ISBN: 1578701902
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2002
Pages: 290

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