Recipe 22.1. Switching from ereg to preg


22.1.1. Problem

You want to convert from using ereg functions to preg functions.

22.1.2. Solution

First, you have to add delimiters to your patterns:

preg_match('/pattern/', 'string')

For eregi( ) case-insensitive matching, use the /i modifier instead:

preg_match('/pattern/i', 'string');

When using integers instead of strings as patterns or replacement values, convert the number to hexadecimal and specify it using an escape sequence:

$hex = dechex($number); preg_match("/\x$hex/", 'string');

22.1.3. Discussion

There are a few major differences between ereg and preg. First, when you use preg functions, the pattern isn't just the string pattern; it also needs delimiters, as in Perl, so it's /pattern/ instead.[] So:

[] Or {pattern}, <pattern>, |pattern|, #pattern#, or just about whatever your favorite delimiters are. If you use an opening pair character such as (, <, [, or { as the starting delimiter, PHP expects the corresponding closing pair character as the ending delimiter (), >, ], or }). If you use another character as the starting delimiter, PHP expects the same character as the ending delimiter.

ereg('pattern', 'string');

becomes:

preg_match('/pattern/', 'string');

When choosing your pattern delimiters, don't put your delimiter character inside the regular expression pattern, or you'll close the pattern early. If you can't find a way to avoid this problem, you need to escape any instances of your delimiters using the backslash. Instead of doing this by hand, call addcslashes( ).

For example, if you use / as your delimiter:

$ereg_pattern = '<b>.+</b>'; $preg_pattern = addcslashes($ereg_pattern, '/');

The value of $preg_pattern is now <b>.+<\/b>.

The preg functions don't have a parallel series of case-insensitive functions. They have a case-insensitive modifier instead. To convert, change:

eregi('pattern', 'string');

to:

preg_match('/pattern/i', 'string');

Adding the i after the closing delimiter makes the change.

Finally, there is one last obscure difference. If you use a number (not a string) as a pattern or replacement value in ereg_replace( ), it's assumed you are referring to the ASCII value of a character. Therefore, since 9 is the ASCII representation of tab (i.e., \t), this code inserts tabs at the beginning of each line:

$tab = 9; $replaced = ereg_replace('^', $tab, $string);

Here's how to convert linefeed endings:

$converted = ereg_replace(10, 12, $text);

To avoid this feature in ereg functions, use this instead:

$tab = '9';

On the other hand, preg_replace( ) treats the number 9 as the number 9, not as a tab substitute. To convert these character codes for use in preg_replace( ), convert them to hexadecimal and prefix them with \x. For example, 9 becomes \x9 or \x09, and 12 becomes \x0c. Alternatively, you can use \t, \r, and \n for tabs, carriage returns, and linefeeds, respectively.

22.1.4. See Also

Documentation on ereg( ) at http://www.php.net/ereg, preg_match( ) at http://www.php.net/preg-match, and addcslashes( ) at http://www.php.net/addcslashes.




PHP Cookbook, 2nd Edition
PHP Cookbook: Solutions and Examples for PHP Programmers
ISBN: 0596101015
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 445

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