Using the FLUSH Command
Users with reload privileges for a specific database can use the FLUSH command to clean up the internal caches used by MySQL. Often, only the root-level user has the appropriate permissions to issue administrative commands such as FLUSH.
The FLUSH syntax is
There are nine different options for the FLUSH command; the most common are
You've used the FLUSH PRIVILEGES command before, after adding new users. This command simply reloads the grant tables in your MySQL database, enabling the changes to take effect without stopping and restarting MySQL. When you issue a FLUSH PRIVILEGES command, the Query OK response assures you that the cleaning process occurred without a hitch.
mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.10 sec)
The FLUSH TABLES command closes all tables currently open or in use and essentially gives your MySQL server a millisecond of breathing room before starting back to work. When your caches are empty, MySQL can better utilize available memory. Again, you're looking for the Query OK response:
mysql> FLUSH TABLES; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.21 sec)
The FLUSH HOSTS command works specifically with the host cache tables. If you are unable to connect to your MySQL server, a common reason is that the maximum number of connections has been reached for a particular host, and it's throwing errors. When MySQL sees numerous errors on connection, it assumes something is amiss and simply blocks any additional connection attempts to that host. The FLUSH HOSTS command resets this process and again allows connections to be made:
mysql> FLUSH HOSTS; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
The FLUSH LOGS command closes and reopens all log files. If your log file is getting to be a burden, and you want to start a new one, this command creates a new, empty log file. Weeding through a year's worth of log entries in one file looking for errors can be a chore, so try to flush your logs at least monthly.
mysql> FLUSH LOGS; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.04 sec)
For more information on FLUSH, visit the MySQL Manual page at http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/flush.html.