Creating the Foundation

Most Web pages are divided into two sections: the head and the body. The head section is where you define the title of your page, include information about your page for search engines like Google, set the location of your page, add style sheets, and write scripts. Except for the title (see page 60), the content of the head section is not readily visible to the visitor.

To create the head section:


Directly after the opening html tag (see page 56), type <head>.


Leave a few spaces for the contents of the head section.


Type </head>.

The body of your (X)HTML document encloses the content of your Web page, that is, the part that your visitors will see, including the text and graphics.

To create the body:


After the final </head> tag, type <body>.


Leave a few spaces for the contents of your Web page (which you'll create with the help of the rest of this book).


Type </body>.

Figure 3.3. The head and body elements help you structure your (X)HTML documents.


  • The head and body tags are required in XHTML. They're optional in HTML but even if you don't physically type them, the browser acts as if they are there and even lets you assign styles to them.

  • Another reason to use head and body tags is for controlling when a particular script will run (see page 312).

HTML, XHTML, & CSS(c) Visual QuickStart Guide
HTML, XHTML, and CSS, Sixth Edition
ISBN: 0321430840
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 340

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