Recipe 3.8 Logging Requests by Day or Hour


You want to automatically roll over the Apache logs at specific times without having to shut down and restart the server.


Use CustomLog and the rotatelogs program:

CustomLog "| /path/to/rotatelogs /path/to/logs/access_log.%Y-%m-%d 86400" combined


The rotatelogs script is designed to use an Apache feature called piped logging, which is just a fancy name for sending log output to another program rather than to a file. By inserting the rotatelogs script between the web server and the actual logfiles on disk, you can avoid having to restart the server to create new files; the script automatically opens a new file at the designated time and starts writing to it.

The first argument to the rotatelogs script is the base name of the file to which records should be logged. If it contains one or more % characters, it will be treated as a strftime(3) format string; otherwise, the rollover time (in seconds since 1 January 1970), in the form of a 10-digit number, will be appended to the base name. For example, a base name of foo would result in logfile names like foo.1020297600, whereas a base name of foo.%Y-%m-%d would cause the logfiles to be named something like foo.2002-04-29.

The second argument is the interval (in seconds) between rollovers. Rollovers will occur whenever the system time is a multiple of this value. For instance, a 24-hour day contains 86,400 seconds; if you specify a rollover interval of 86400, a new logfile will be created every night at midnight when the system time, which is based at representing midnight on 1 January 1970, is a multiple of 24 hours.

Note that the rollover interval is in actual clock seconds elapsed, so when time changes because of daylight savings, this does not in any way affect the interval between rollovers.

See Also

  • The rotatelogs manpage; try

    % man -M  /path/to/ServerRoot /man rotatelogs.8

    replacing the /path/to/ServerRoot with the actual value of your installation's ServerRoot directive in httpd.conf

Apache Cookbook
Apache Cookbook: Solutions and Examples for Apache Administrators
ISBN: 0596529945
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 215

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