2.4 The Basic MDA Framework

In the previous sections, we have seen the major elements that participate in the MDA framework: models, PIMs, PSMs, languages, transformations, transformation definitions, and tools that perform transformations. All of these elements fit together in the basic MDA framework, as depicted in Figure 2-7. Although most of the terms have been defined in the previous sections, we summarize of the elements and their role below:

  • A model is a description of a system.

    • A PIM is a Platform Independent Model, which describes a system without any knowledge of the final implementation platform.

    • A PSM is a Platform Specific Model, which describes a system with full knowledge of the final implementation platform.

  • A model is written in a well-defined language .

  • A transformation definition describes how a model in a source language can be transformed into a model in a target language.

  • A transformation tool performs a transformation for a specific source model according to a transformation definition.

Figure 2-7. Overview of the basic MDA framework

graphics/02fig07.gif

From the developer's point of view, the PSM and PIM are the most important elements. A developer puts his focus on developing a PIM, describing the software system at a high level of abstraction. In the next stage, he chooses one or more tools that are able to perform the transformation on the PIM that has been developed according to a certain transformation definition. This results in a PSM, which can then be transformed into code.

Note that the figure only shows one PSM, but that from one PIM often multiple PSMs and potential bridges between them are generated. The figure only shows one transformation between a PIM and a PSM, but another transformation to code is also necessary.

In sections 8.3.1 and 9.4 we complete the basic MDA framework with additional elements at the metalevel. These metalevels are explained in Chapter 8 and Chapter 9. Until Chapter 7, the framework as described in Figure 2-7 is sufficient.



MDA Explained. The Model Driven Architecture(c) Practice and Promise 2003
Project Leadership (The Project Management Essential Library)
ISBN: N/A
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 118

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