According to Bavarian Interior Minister Guenter Beckstein, political extremists are increasingly using modern means of communication, including e-mail, for their propaganda. According to the Office for the Protection of the Constitution, encoding technologies continue to complicate monitoring. In addition to the transmission of encoded data, whose decoding partly requires considerable exertion, steganography is also sporadically used.
The University of the Philippines is starting a graduate level course in cryptography and information security. One of the topics included in this course is "Steganography or Message-Hiding."