Media Access Control: The lower sublayer in the Data Link layer, it is responsible for hardware addressing, media access, and error detection of frames. See also: Data Link layer and LLC.
A Data Link layer hardware address that every port or device needs in order to connect to a LAN segment. These addresses are used by various devices in the network for accurate location of logical addresses. MAC addresses are defined by the IEEE standard, and their length is six characters, typically using the burned-in address (BIA) of the local LAN interface. Variously called 'hardware address,' 'physical address,' 'burned-in address,' or 'MAC layer address.'
In AppleTalk, the Network layer protocol encapsulating IP packets in Datagram Delivery Protocol (DDP) packets. MacIP also supplies substitute ARP services.
metropolitan area network: Any network that encompasses a metropolitan area; that is, an area typically larger than a LAN but smaller than a WAN. Compare to: LAN.
A method for digital coding in which a mid-bit-time transition is employed for clocking, and a 1 (one) is denoted by a high voltage level during the first half of the bit time. This scheme is used by Ethernet and IEEE 802.3.
A special type of switch-fabric. See: crossbar.
Specified in bytes or cells, the largest burst of information exceeding the insured rate that will be permitted on an ATM permanent virtual connection for a short time and will not be dropped even if it goes over the specified maximum rate. Compare to: insured burst. See also: maximum rate.
The maximum permitted data throughput on a particular virtual circuit, equal to the total of insured and uninsured traffic from the traffic source. Should traffic congestion occur, uninsured information might be deleted from the path. Measured in bits or cells per second, the maximum rate represents the highest throughput of data that the virtual circuit is ever able to deliver and cannot exceed the media rate. Compare to: excess rate. See also: maximum burst.
multicast backbone: The multicast backbone of the Internet, it is a virtual multicast network made up of multicast LANs, including point-to-point tunnels interconnecting them.
maximum burst size: In an ATM signaling message, this metric, coded as a number of cells, is used to convey the burst tolerance.
maximum cell delay variation: The maximum two-point CDV objective across a link or node for the identified service category in an ATM network. The MCDV is one of four link metrics that are exchanged by using PTSPs to verify the available resources of an ATM network. Only one MCDV value is assigned to each traffic class.
maximum cell loss ratio: The maximum ratio of cells in an ATM network that fail to transit a link or node compared with the total number of cells that arrive at the link or node. MCLR is one of four link metrics that are exchanged using PTSPs to verify the available resources of an ATM network. The MCLR applies to cells in VBR and CBR traffic classes whose CLP bit is set to zero. See also: CBR, CLP, and VBR.
minimum cell rate: A parameter determined by the ATM Forum for traffic management of the ATM networks. MCR is specifically defined for ABR transmissions and specifies the minimum value for the allowed cell rate (ACR). See also: ACR and PCR.
maximum cell transfer delay: In an ATM network, the total of the maximum cell delay variation and the fixed delay across the link or node. MCTD is one of four link metrics that are exchanged by using PNNI topology state packets to verify the available resources of an ATM network. There is one MCTD value assigned to each traffic class. See also: MCDV.
Management Information Base: Used with SNMP management software to gather information from remote devices. The management station can poll the remote device for information, or the MIB running on the remote station can be programmed to send information on a regular basis.
Multichannel Interface Processor: The resident interface processor on Cisco 7000 series routers, providing up to two channelized T1 or E1 connections by serial cables connected to a CSU. The two controllers are capable of providing 24 T1 or 30 E1 channel groups, with each group being introduced to the system as a serial interface that can be configured individually.
Millions of instructions per second: A measure of processor speed.
Multilink PPP: A technique used to split, recombine, and sequence datagrams across numerous logical data links.
Multi-Layer Switching: Switching typically takes place at layer 2. When layer 3 information is allowed to be cached, layer 2 devices have the capability of rewriting and forwarding frames based on the layer 3 information.
Multi-Layer Switching Protocol: A protocol that runs on the router and enables it to communicate to the MLS-SE regarding topology or security changes.
Multi-Layer Switching Route Processor: An MLS-capable router or an RSM (Route Switch Module) installed in the switch. See also: RSM and MLS.
Multi-Layer Switching Switch Engine: An MLS-capable switch (a 5000 with an NFFC or a 6000 with an MSFC and PFC). See also: MLS, NFFC, MSFC, and PFC.
Multichassis Multilink PPP: A protocol that supplies MLP support across multiple routers and access servers. MMP enables several routers and access servers to work as a single, large dial-up pool with one network address and ISDN access number. MMP successfully supports packet fragmenting and reassembly when the user connection is split between two physical access devices.
modulator-demodulator: A device that converts digital signals to analog and vice- versa so that digital information can be transmitted over analog communication facilities, such as voice-grade telephone lines. This is achieved by converting digital signals at the source to analog for transmission and reconverting the analog signals back into digital form at the destination. See also: modulation and demodulation.
Stores modem initialization strings on the router for use in auto-detection and configuration.
A mechanism that makes possible a connection between two DTE devices without modems by simulating the commands and physical signaling required.
The process of modifying some characteristic of an electrical signal, such as amplitude (AM) or frequency (FM), in order to represent digital or analog information. See also: AM.
Multicast OSPF: An extension of the OSPF unicast protocol that enables IP multicast routing within the domain. See also: OSPF.
MultiPoint bonding: A process of linking two or more physical connections into a single logical channel. This might use two or more analog lines and two or more modems, for example.
Multiprotocol over ATM: An effort by the ATM Forum to standardize how existing and future Network layer protocols such as IP, Ipv6, AppleTalk, and IPX run over an ATM network with directly attached hosts, routers, and multi-layer LAN switches.
Multicast Source Discovery Protocol: A support protocol used by multicast RP routers that allows them to use a TCP-based connection to share information with other RPs about active sources inside their own domains. See also: RP.
Multi-layer Switch Feature Card: A route processor (parallel to an RSM, or Route Switch Module) that is installed as a daughter card on Cisco Catalyst 6000 series switches. See also: RSM.
Used to establish the SPT for a specified multicast group.
maximum transmission unit: The largest packet size, measured in bytes, that an interface can handle.
Broadly, any communication between a single sender and multiple receivers. Unlike broadcast messages, which are sent to all addresses on a network, multicast messages are sent to a defined subset of the network addresses; this subset has a group multicast address, which is specified in the packet's destination address field. See also: broadcast and directed broadcast.
A single address that points to more than one device on the network. Hosts joining a multicast group use this common address when receiving data sent to the group. Identical to group address. See also: multicast.
A group set up to receive messages from a source. These groups can be established based on Frame Relay or IP in the TCP/IP protocol suite, as well as other networks.
A two-directional point-to-point virtual channel connection (VCC) arranged by an LEC to a BUS, it is one of the three types of informational link specified by phase 1 LANE. See also: control distribute VCC and control direct VCC.
A highly specialized, high-speed, hardware-based type of LAN router, the device filters and forwards packets based on their layer 2 MAC addresses and layer 3 network addresses. It's possible that even layer 4 can be read. Sometimes called a 'layer 3 switch.' See also: LAN switch.
Multi-Layer Switching combines layer 2, 3, and 4 switching technology and provides very high-speed scalability with low latency. This is provided by huge filter tables based on the criteria designed by the network administrator. Carried out either in IOS or with an additional multi-layer switching module.
See: Multi-Layer Switching.
The process of converting several logical signals into a single physical signal for transmission across one physical channel. Contrast with: demultiplexing.
Multistage queuing occurs when more than one queuing mechanism is applied, in an integrated fashion. An example might be Priority Queuing, where one queue uses Weighted Fair Queuing. See also: Priority Queuing and Weighted Fair Queuing.