Recipe 5.3 Starting a Debugging Session


5.3.1 Problem

Your code isn't running as you want it to, and it's time to debug.

5.3.2 Solution

Start a new debugging session with the items in the Run menu. Then use the various debugging options, such as single-stepping , setting breakpoints, and more.

5.3.3 Discussion

Say you want your code to display this output:

 3... 2... 1... Houston, we have liftoff. 

Your first attempt at the code might look like that shown in Example 5-3, in the class DebugClass in an application named DebugApp .

Example 5-3. The DebugApp example
 package org.cookbook.ch05; public class DebugClass {     public static void main(String[] args)     {         for(int loopIndex = 3; loopIndex > 0; loopIndex--)         {             System.out.println(loopIndex + "...");             if(loopIndex == 0)             {                 System.out.println("Houston, we have liftoff.");             }         }     } } 

Unfortunately, the code in Example 5-3 gives you this result:

 3... 2... 1... 

It's time to debug. To start a debugging session, use one of the following items in the Run menu:

Run Debug History

Enables you to select a recently run project to debug

Run Debug As

Enables you to select the type of session to run (Java Applet, Java Applications, JUnit Test, or Run-time Workbench) from a submenu

Run Debug

Enables you to set the launch configuration for a debugging session

To start debugging the code in DebugApp , select Run Debug As Java Application, which opens and runs your code in the Debug perspective, as shown in Figure 5-8.

Figure 5-8. First attempt at debugging

Take a look at the Debug perspective in Figure 5-8. You can see entries for the program(s) you're debugging in the Debug view at upper left. Next to the word Debug in the Debug view are five buttons. The names of the buttons are, from left to right, Resume (start executing code again), Suspend (pause code, as when you've got a runaway infinite loop), Terminate (stop debugging), Disconnect (disconnect from the debug session), and Remove All Terminated Launches.

As you can see in Figure 5-8, the Debug view displays all terminated launches of your code. That view can fill up fast. To clear those terminated launches, click the Remove All Terminated Launches button in the view's toolbar. In general, the terminated sessions are retained in case you want to go back to them at some point to compare what's happening now with what happened previously.

To the right of the Debug view is a set of stacked views: Variables , Breakpoints, Expressions, and Display.

The Debug perspective's Variables view enables you to examine the value of local variables. You can edit these values (which we'll do later in this chapter) as you debug your code. In this way, you can edit what's going on in your program interactively.

To indicate when the value of a variable in the Variables view has changed, Eclipse changes the color of the variable's entry to red.

The Debug perspective's Breakpoints view enables you to manage breakpoints in your code by right-clicking them in the list and selecting Disable, Enable, Remove, or Remove All from the context menu.

The Debug perspective's Expressions view enables you to evaluate expressions, as discussed in Recipe 5.12 . When you right-click an expression in the editor, and then click Inspect, the expression is evaluated in the Expressions view. Similarly, when you click Display on the context menu, the results appear in the Display view.

The editor under the Debug perspective is much like the JDT editor; you can examine the values of elements simply by hovering your mouse over those elements.

Next to the editor is the Outline view, as shown in Figure 5-8, which is the same as the Outline view in the Java perspective. Below the editor is the standard Console view, which, like its counterpart in the Java perspective, displays program output.

Figure 5-8 shows that the code has run and terminated with the same results as before, without displaying the expected Houston, we have liftoff . message. To watch the program as it executes, take a look at Recipe 5.4 on setting breakpoints.

When you end a debug session, you are still in the Debug perspective. You can switch back to the Java perspective by selecting Window Open Perspective Java, but during the debugging cycle it's easier to switch perspectives by clicking the shortcut icons shown at extreme left in Figure 5-8. Eclipse 3.0

Eclipse 3.0 also adds a Run Debug As JUnit Plug-in Test item to the options for starting a debugging session. By default, the Breakpoints view appears in its own window under the Outline view; it doesn't appear stacked above it.

5.3.4 See Also

Recipe 5.12 on evaluating expressions; Recipe 5.4 on setting a breakpoint; Recipe 5.5 on stepping through code; Chapter 3 of Eclipse (O'Reilly).

Eclipse Cookbook
Inside XML (Inside (New Riders))
ISBN: 596007108
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 232
Authors: Steve Holzner

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