is a temporary grouping of SAS variables that are arranged in a particular order and identified by an array- name . The array exists only for the duration of the current DATA step. The array-name distinguishes it from any other arrays in the same DATA step; it is not a variable.
Note: Arrays in SAS are different from those in many other programming languages. In SAS, an array is not a data structure but is just a convenient way of temporarily identifying a group of variables.
is a method that enables you to perform the same tasks for a series of related variables.
is a method to reference the elements of an array.
is a simple grouping of variables that, when processed , results in output that can be represented in simple row format.
is a more complex grouping of variables that, when processed, results in output that could have two or more dimensions, such as columns and rows.
Basic array processing involves the following steps:
grouping variables into arrays
selecting a current variable for an action
repeating an action.