Describes a kernel that is using proprietary modules in addition to Open Source modules. Can also refer to insecure software.
Tape Archive; software able to combine several files into one larger file in order to back them up to a tape drive or simply transfer them across the Internet. Such files are usually indicated by a .tar file extension. Note that a tar file isn’t necessarily compressed; the bzip2 and gzip utilities must be used if this is desired.
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol; standard protocol stack used by most modern operating systems to control and communicate across networks and also across the Internet (as opposed to NetBEUI, commonly available on older versions of Windows, and IPX/SPX, used on Novell’s NetWare operating system).
Another word for shell.
Method and set of programs for typesetting complex documents. Invented prior to word processors and desktop publishing software, and now considered a specialized tool for laying out scientific texts. An updated version of the program called LaTeX is also available.
Finnish programmer who, in 1991, created the initial versions of the Linux kernel. Since then, he has taken advantage of an international network of volunteers and staff employed by various companies who help produce the kernel. Torvalds himself contributes and oversees the efforts.
TeleTYpewriter; shorthand referring to underlying Linux virtual devices that allow programs and users to access the kernel and thereby run programs.
The name of the penguin character that is the Linux mascot. The original Tux graphic was drawn by Larry Ewing.