Recipe 3.1 Taking Strings Apart with Substrings


Problem

You want to break a string apart into substrings by position.

Solution

Use the String object's substring( ) method.

Discussion

The substring( ) method constructs a new String object made up of a run of characters contained somewhere in the original string, the one whose substring( ) you called. The name of this method, substring( ), violates the stylistic dictum that words should be capitalized; if Java were 100.0% consistent, this method would be named subString. But it's not it's substring. The substring method is overloaded: both forms require a starting index. The one-argument form returns from startIndex to the end. The two-argument form takes an ending index (not a length, as in some languages), so that an index can be generated by the String methods indexOf( ) or lastIndexOf( ). Note that the end index is one beyond the last character!

// File SubStringDemo.java public static void main(String[] av) {     String a = "Java is great.";     System.out.println(a);     String b = a.substring(5);    // b is the String "is great."     System.out.println(b);     String c = a.substring(5,7);// c is the String "is"     System.out.println(c);     String d = a.substring(5,a.length( ));// d is "is great."     System.out.println(d); }

When run, this prints the following:

> java SubStringDemo Java is great. is great. is is great. >



Java Cookbook
Java Cookbook, Second Edition
ISBN: 0596007019
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2003
Pages: 409
Authors: Ian F Darwin

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