Recipe 3.6. Adding Background Images


Problem

You need to place stationary or tiled images as backgrounds for certain page elements or an entire web page.

Solution

Use the CSS properties background-image, background-position, background-attachment, and background-repeat to specify how you want the background to be displayed.

Background styles can be assigned to the <body> tag in a CSS stylesheet to display an image once in a fixed position:

 body {     background-image: url(/images/backgrounds/penguins.jpg);     background-position: 0px 0px;     background-attachment: fixed;     background-repeat: no-repeat;     background-color: white;     margin: 0px; } 

Or you can assign a CSS ID to other page elements, such as table cells or <div>'s, to display a repeating, tiled image across the item's background:

 #topnav {     background-image: url(/images/backgrounds/topnav.jpg);     background-repeat: repeat-x; } 

Discussion

Background images can add an extra dimension to your design, but they also can create usability problems for your visitors. A strong, busy background can make the text that appears over it hard to read. To maintain a balance between design and readability, use an image editor to fade or otherwise restrain the impact of a photo to be used as background, while strengthening the text to appear over it with extra font weight, size, and line height.

Figure 3-6 shows a web page that uses both background techniques described in the Solution. The main background (the penguins) is one large image given a fixed position at the upper left corner of the page by the stylesheet.

Figure 3-6. Different backgrounds can be displayed in different areas of the page


Using the CSS rule background-attachment: fixed the image will not move even as the visitor scrolls down the page, as shown in Figure 3-7.

Fixed position backgrounds do not stay put in Netscape Navigator Version 4 and they never will. They also can behave poorly in older versions of Internet Explorer for Windows, but there is a JavaScript-based fix for IE. Check the link in the "See Also" section in this Recipe for more information.


For the background of the navigation bar (#topnav), I created a 1x50 pixel JPEG with a top-to-bottom, teal-to-white gradient. By default, CSS background images will repeat both horizontally and vertically. Because the row of links on my page runs along the top of the page, I used the background-repeat property to replicate the image only across the horizontal, x axis of the page. To repeat the background vertically but not horizontally, use background-repeat: repeat-y.

Figure 3-7. Fixed background images stay put, even as the user scrolls down the page


See Also

Andrew Clover has written a JavaScript that fixes Internet Explorer's non-compliant rendering of fixed position background images. Download it at http://doxdesk.com/software/js/fixed.html.



Web Site Cookbook.
Web Site Cookbook: Solutions & Examples for Building and Administering Your Web Site (Cookbooks (OReilly))
ISBN: 0596101090
EAN: 2147483647
Year: N/A
Pages: 144
Authors: Doug Addison

Similar book on Amazon

flylib.com © 2008-2017.
If you may any questions please contact us: flylib@qtcs.net